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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Whereabouts of Sudarshan Shah during Gurkha/Gorkha Rule

Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -36
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -156   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -678

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                 The Garhwal Kingdom Prince Sudarshan Shah also fled from Shrinagar after Gurkha Attack with his father in 1803. His father Pradyuman Shah died in January 1804 while fighting with Gurkha Commander Amar Singh Thapa at Khurbura in Doon valley. There is no literature available that tells whereabouts of Sudarshan Shah from 1804 till 1815. There are community folk stories about a couple of people helping Sudarshan Shah while he was in exile in Haridwar as of Bijlwan Community but written records are not available.
                  The records available in Tehri record room were not sufficient for depicting the life of Sudarshan Shah from 1804 -1815. In one record, there are names of British Officers whom Sudarshan Shah met. It was said that Khateni queen gifted all her properties to Kesar Singh the youngest son of Sudarshan Shah. There were some important papers with valuables of Khateni Queen. When Brigedier Gambhir Singh the grandson of Kesar Singh died Veerendra Singh and Pitambar Datt of Tehri Court got those papers (Dr Dabral). Dr Dabral went to their for knowing about those papers but could not find any said paper.

                  Companions of Sudarshan Shah in Exile
         Most probably those came with Pradyuman Shah to Haridwar and Dehradun went back here and there for their livelihoods. Perhaps Mandarali Ji the mother of Sudarshan Shah and his step mothers would have also with him in Kankhal.
                  Devi Singh the brother of Sudarshan Shah, servants as Bijlwan, cooks Hiramani and maid servants were with him. Sudarshan Shah offered two promissory notes to Hiramani. Sudarshan Shah offered Jagir to Hiramani of three villages of Banang Patti after he became King. Perhaps Chopdar Kisan Singh was also with him. According to Mukandi Lal, Sudarshan Shah offered Jagir of Devdhunga of Jakhand to Kisan Singh.
 Sudarshan Shah gave a Sale Letter about Chandi Pargana to Hearsay in 1811. There are signatures of Munshi Chunni Lal and Daftari  Thakurdas. Till date there is no information about Thakurdas. Sudarshan Shah offered Jagir of  Dewulganv of Faigul Patti.
 Sudarshan Shah used to sent letters to various British officials and other Kings. It means Daftari and Munshi were with him.
 Sudarshan Shah had cordial relation with his younger brother Devi Singh. Whenever Sudarshan Shah used to visit out of Kankhal, Devi Singh used to take responsibilities of the King family members.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com28/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -679
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
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I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
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Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,