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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, July 16, 2015

History of British Surveys for Dehradun -2

Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -25
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -145   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -667

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student) 
     In October 1811, Francis White who had visited Sirmaour was asked to visit Lakhsman Jhula and Kalsi region. However, in October 1813, Francis fell ill and could not complete the task. John Houseman was the assistant to Francis. Now, Houseman was handed over to complete survey of Dehradun. Houseman surveyed Dehradun and Shivalik valleys from November 1813 to April 1814. Local Gurkha officers permitted Houseman for survey in Dehradun and visiting Bhadraj Hills. In April 1813, Houseman reached to Bhadraj Hill. He travelled by Pinus/Doli (Pliilmore). It took four hours from downhill to Hill top of Bhadraj. He stayed in camp on the top and watched Himalaya Shrines from there.
            Houseman had a strong desire to push Gorkha Far East of Kali River that East India Company had path to reach Central Himalaya. In 1814, Houseman sketched a map of North of Saharanpur border and Doon valleys. Houseman met Army Chief while travelling by Streamer in Ganga for Kolkata. Houseman handed over the Map of North Bordering region and Dehradun region to Amy Chief and complete details about the region. Houseman wrote that his map and details were very important for capturing Doon valley. He advised that by capturing Dehradun/ Doon Valley the East India would separate Nepalese Sutlej territory from other Nepalese territories. By that the Gurkha could not communicate easily with each other.
           Crawford and Houseman were engaged in surveying Doon valleys from 1802. One of assistant of Houseman was from Shringar. He used to get information about Nepal. That assistant was ready to reach Kathmandu via Kosi River, Delalghat. Houseman used to get information from travelers, fakirs, Roamers and used to compare the information.  
  Colonel Fagan and Houseman collected all types of Information about Dehradun. Croford scatched a map showing Haridwar, Garhwal, Gangotri, Himalayan shrines, Tibet Tishulama and Digarchi of Tibet.


Dehradun Survey To be continued..
** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com15/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -668
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena , historical papers related to Kumaon

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,