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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 14, 2015

History of British Surveys for Dehradun

Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -24
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -144   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -666

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student) 

     In 1809, The Saharanpur Magistrate asked an Engineer Stephen for making correct map of North Saharanpur. From November 1809 till March 1811, Stephen surveyed the region of between Ganga and Yamuna of North. Stephen also surveyed ahead of plains as ports of Shivalik (Timli, Khedi, and Mohan) bordering Saharanpur and Dehradun (Pillimore). Stephen also surveyed lower part of Himalaya (Jaunsar Bhabhar). Stephen proceeded ahead of Kalsi and reached to that place from where Yamuna descends into plains from Hills. Stephen enquired about road and geographical condition of road from Kalsi to Sirmour region. After getting information, Stephen returned to his head quarter. Stepehen sketched the map of Shivalik shrines, Doon Valleyes, Nalapani hills. By enquiring from tourists, he also showed the road from Dehradun to Nahan (Sirmour, Himachal).  
    In May 1811, a Tiruhit Indigo Plantation owner Higgins reached to Haridwar. On 4th may, Higgins reached to hill top of Chandi. He called that hill top as ‘Mountain of Moon’ (Bengal past and Present, September 1934). Higgins and his associate wanted entering in Gurkha ruling region.  He came to know that Gurkha army is not stationed at Kansaro Port. On 14th May 1811, he entered into Dehradun via Kansaro Port. He met local Gurkha resident in Dehradun on 17th May 1811. On 20th May 1811, Higgins reached to Chakrata –Mussoorie Hill shrines with his associates.  He called that shrine as ‘Tibet Hills second’. On 3oth May he returned to Badshah mahal (Saharanpur) via Timli Ghat. Emperor Shahjahan used to visit to Badshah Ghat for hunting.

Dehradun Survey To be continued..
** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com14/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -667
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena , historical papers related to Kumaon

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal