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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, July 9, 2015

Unsuccessful Efforts of Amar Singh Thapa for Treaty with British

Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -20
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -141   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -662

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student) 
                           Amar Singh Thapa was aware of weaknesses of Nepalese resources in west of Kali River (Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal). He was aware stronger position of East India Company against Nepal.
            Through Ochterloni, Amar Singh Thapa sent message to Governor General Hastings for treaty but Governor General refused the suggestion of Amar Singh Thapa (Balchandra Sharma).
          Amar Singh Thapa tried to strengthen the position of Nepalese army in West of Kali River but he was totally failure in recruiting new soldiers as the citizens were totally against Nepalese way of rule.
                 Weaknesses of Nepal against British

           Nepal was inferior before British in arm, ammunitions, friends and support of citizens. Nepal had around twelve thousand soldiers. The newly recruits in Nepal army in Doti, Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal were anxious for Nepal loosing war or power.  East India Company was more organized and powerful in terms of number of soldiers, food and armed supply. Nepalese commanders were not trained for fighting with strategy.  Nepalese commanders were trained for guerilla attack and suppressing citizens with all cruel methods. Nepalese soldiers were far ahead in bravery, courage, self pride, and sacrifice for the master, duties and bearing power in worst conditions.
      Nepalese were weak in other aspects of war. Nepalese Commanders were more dependent on the strategy that British army was not trained for hill war.


** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com10/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -663
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,