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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

British discussing Future of Himachal Kingdoms

Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -30
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -150   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -672

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student) 

           British Governor General Hastings was in hurry for attacking on Gurkha as in near future, Ranjit Singh, Maratha and Gurkha King could create problems for East India Company.
     Hastings got assured information that Hill Kings of Doti, Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal who were displaced by Gurkha and their supporters including citizens would support and help East India Company in Anglo Nepalese War. Believing on those information, Hastings decided for taking support of ex Kings of Himachal region from Sutlej to Yamuna. Hastings was aware that after capturing Himachal Hill states it was beneficial to hand over those states to their ex Kings instead of ruling those Kingdoms directly by the Company. Hastings was against direct rule on Hill states as it was more complicated.
       However, Ochterlony was against handing over the won territory to the past Kings. Ochterlony was of opinion that the day today conflicts among small Hill Kings would create problems for East India Company. Ochterlony had to obey Governor General.
                     Hindur King
          Ramsharan the ex Hindur King was displaced by Gurkha and was ruling on a very minor plain land of Hindur. He assured the Company that in case he gets back Kingdom he would support the Company. Ochterlony calculated that Ramsharan would supply three hundred soldiers and labor for clearing the hill difficult roads. The Company agreed upon Rosharon’s condition.
                      Future of Sirmour

       Haidar Hearsay and Brigadier Ochterlony were satisfied with Kishan Singh the he family member of Sirmour King Karmaprakash as Karmaprakash was useless King. It was decided among Haider Hearsay, Ochterlony and Kishan Singh that after capturing Sirmour from Gurkha, British would displaced Karmaprakash from thorn and would place the minor prince as King of Sirmour and Kishan Singh as Guardian of Kingdom. Ochterlony wrote to Head quarter that if Kishan Singh was financed he would get 10000 to 40000 soldiers for East India Company immediately. Company Head Quarter ordered Delhi resident for paying money to Kishan Singh.  

** Major reference book by Dabral  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com21/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -673
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena , historical papers related to Kumaon

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,