Anglo Nepalese War with Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -21
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -142
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -663
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
Hills as Difficult Most Terrain
Contrary to Nepal, East India Company was busy in getting finer details about Nepalese territories and their strengths. It was known to the Governor General that geographical knowledge of hills played great role in war in Hills. In Hills, the attackers had to face the enemy but with difficulties of nature. There were/are rocks, caves, forests, bushes, rivers, rivulets, narrow valleys, difficult valleys, steep steps, sliding steps, high hills, wild animals, and insects in Hills those become problems for strangers to tackle.
In the past, Hill people stopped enemy campaign by slipping big stones on the army men from High hills. Spreading of sudden diseases to strangers was another difficulty for having war with Hill army.
Food supply management was hell of task for plains army. Carrying guns and gun powder, arms and ammunition was always a difficulty. Therefore, it was important for having complete information of hill terrains for British army.
Strategic Information Collection in East of Kali River
East India Company had been collecting strategic Information in East of Kali River region for many years. In 1767, Kinloch was sent to capture Nepal region. Mall King’s ambassador and Gusains offered him information about battle fields. However, Kinloch attacked without complete preparation on unknown terrain. Company lost war and prestige too.
In 1810, Company collected information from Ranbahadur and his men in Banaras. Company had been sending its emissaries to Nepal and everybody used to collect specific information about Nepal and bordering region. By 1814, Company had sufficient information about East of kali River of Nepal.
Strategic Information from far West of Kali River
East India Company had been collecting various types of information about Katauch/Kangda and other parts of Himachal.
** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, email@example.com/7/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -664
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal;
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal,