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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Love for Entertainment in British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -176
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -196
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1028
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
   
       In 1825, Trail stated (Sketch of Kumaon) that hill people are entertainment lovers. Hill people loved singing songs, dance and games. People enjoyed in telling tales, shocking the listeners by tales or riddles or playing self-created drama. Trail informed further as –
     Football playing is difficult due to ups and down in hills. However, Hingod (Hockey), hathgindi ( type of Rugby) were getting popularity. Bag-bakri, Ramchur were common  games. Elites used to play Chaupar and ganjufa. Brahmins used gambling.  Bharaun, Josha, Bauri and Bhagnol songs were loved by women.  

References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-456
2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts Vol.3
 3- Asiatic Researches Vo.l 6



Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 16/9/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1029
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

 History of British Garhwal, History of Devalgarh Garhwal; History of Badhan Garhwal; History of Barasyun Garhwal; History of Chandpur Garhwal; History of Chaundkot Garhwal; History of  Gangasalan Garhwal;  History of Mallasalan Garhwal;  History ofTallasaln Garhwal; History of Dashauli Garhwal; History of Nagpur Garhwal; Sociity  in British Garhwal.

Anil Kumar ‘Sailani’: A Garhwali Poet

(गढ़वालउत्तराखंड,हिमालय से गढ़वाली कविता  क्रमगत इतिहास  भाग - 209)
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 (Critical and Chronological History of Garhwali Poetry, part 209-)
  By: Bhishma Kukreti
 Anil Kumar Sailani published a few Garhwali poems. Anil is involved in Dhad Literature movement. Anil Sailani was born in 1977 in Meldhar of Dhoundiyalsyun, Pauri Garhwal.

घार ऐजा बेटा महेंद्रा  (गढ़वाली कविता )

रचना --    अनिल कुमार 'सैलानी ' 
-
घार ऐजा बेटा महेंद्रा 
बज्र प्वड़ग्या जमन फरि 
छुईं लगाणक बि प्वड़णा छिन पैसा 
   
घार ऐजा बेटा महेंद्रा 
रुप्यूक नि क्वी सार 
झक्वळी आणि छीं बार बार 
चिट्ठी पत्री को नी  सार 
फोन ह्वेगि घार घार। 

अफमा नी  लाल पैसा 
घार ऐजा बेटा महेंद्रा 
पुंगड़ियूंक नी  क्वी सार 
खाण पीणक बि बुरा हाल 

ऊनि दुइयों बुढेंदा हाल 
नि रैग्या गौमा कखि प्यार 
अपड़ा बेटा खाली खीसा 
घार ऐजा बेटा महेंद्रा 
हम छौं तेरा सार। 


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2017
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चमोली गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता ,लोकगीत  इतिहास ; टिहरी गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरीभारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; देहरादून गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल ,उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; 
-
History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History Garhwali poems from Haridwar ;

दुसरौ भंगल्या हंसावो अपण भंगल्या रुलावो - व्यसनुं पर झळकां नजर

(Best  of  Garhwali  Humor , Wits Jokes , गढ़वाली हास्य , व्यंग्य )
-
 चबोड़ , चखन्यौ , ककड़ाट  :::   भीष्म कुकरेती  
  -
 व्यसन त व्यसन इ हूंद क्या सुबेर क्या ब्यखुन दैं। हां  भै हां जी दिनम बि। 
 मनिखों यीं धरती पर आणो दगड़्या  दगड़ ब्यसन बि आयी। 
 सबसे पैल ब्यसन ऐइ छोरीबाजी या तत्तसंबन्धी कुढब अर मध्ययुग मा छोरीबाजी व्यसन  स्वर्णयुग मा पौंच।   उन त आशाराम , बाबा रहीम अर नारायण दत्त तिवारी जीक  बुलण च बल अबि स्वर्णयुग नि ऐ। 
   गप मरण या फोकटै छ्वीं लगाण बि व्यसन  इ च पर इख पर चिंतक बिंडि चिंता नि करदन त मि तै ले क्या पड़ीं च जु मि तुम तै अपण गप्पुंन चिंतित कौरूं।  भंगुल जमण द्यावदी गप्प सप्पुं पर। 
  दारूबाजी व्यसन बि मानव सभ्यता का दगड़ इ विकसित हूंद गे।  सड़्यां फल या सड़्यां फलुं पाणी पेकी मनिख तै जब नशा ह्वे होलु त मनिख दारुक ब्यसनी ह्वे ह्वालु।  आज कथगा बि मैंगी शराब ह्वेलि छ त सड़ीं गळीं चीज इ ना ? क्वी बि शराब नि पींदु अपितु शराब सब्युं तै पींदी। हम कथगा बि बुल्दां बल जालिम शराब जालिम शराब पर शराबन जीब , जिकुड़ी , ज्यू तो जालिम से ए इ जळाणा रौंदा कि ना ? आज बि कतगा इ राजनीतिक घराना, व्यापारी घराना, गरीब घर शराब से खतम हूणा रौंदन किन्तु शराब को प्रचलन कम नि ह्वे सकणु च उल्टां उत्तराखंड सरकार मोबाइल वैनों से वितरण करणी च।  कुढब हैंक कुढब लांदो। 
  शराब अर जुआ मा झगड़ा आज बि चलणु रौंद कि मनिखम जुआ खिलणो आदत पैल पोड़ कि शराब की लत पैल पोड़।  यांको असली ज्ञान तो लतखोरों पास च किन्तु हम लतखोरों बतुं पर विश्वास नि करदां। जुआ मा लोगुंन अपण कज्याण तक बेची देन त कूड़ पुंगड़ुं क्या बात करण। तास चौपड़ खिलण बि ब्यसन इ च। 
 भंगुल या धूम्रपान आग बचाणो संस्कृति की देन च।  भंगुल जामी जैन ये भंगुल पर जु लोगुं मा चरस गांजा की लत लगवांद। चिलमौ चसका त मौ घाम लगाणो बड़ो हथ्यार च जी। व्यसन्युं तै चरस गांजा से क्वी समस्या नि हूंदी बल्कि पुलिस से हूंदी। 
नसवार जन व्यसन  तै पता नी समाज कुढब किलै नि बुल्दा रै होलु धौं।  इनि सिद्धांतवादी जन  राष्ट्र स्वयं संघी, गौरक्षक अर कम्युनिस्ट बि त ब्यसनी ही छन।  है ना ? 
तमाखु बि मध्य युग की देन च अर हुक्का पाणी बंद करण जन संस्कृति की जननी च तमाखु तलब। तमाकु तलब लग जावो तो मुकेश अम्बानी अपण चपड़ासी से बीड़ी मंगणम नि शरमालो।  तबि त बुले गे बल तमाकू तेरे लम्बे चौड़े पात लाख टके  का आदमी जाय पसारे हात। 
 अति पूजा -ध्यान , खरीददारी , एक्सरसाइज आदि बि व्यसन  इ छन 
 टीवी सीरियल दिखण , न्यूज चैनलों मा असली ब्रेकिंग न्यूज की जग्वाळ, पोर्नो फिल्म दिखण बि त चसका इ च। 
इंटरनेट अर मोबाइल नेटिंग से तो चसका पर चार चाँद लग गेन।   कति फेसबुक्या , व्हट्सप्या ब्यसन्युं प्रमोसन रुक , तन्खा कट क्या,  कत्युं त नौकरी तक छूट किन्तु यू ब्यसन रोज बढणु च कम नी होणु च। 
उन त हौर बि व्यसन  छन किन्तु अबि मि तै चाय अर सिगरेट की तलब लगीं च त मि पैल चाय पेक सिगरेट पेक आंदो तब लगौल चसकाओं चुसकीदार छ्वीं। 
 -

17/9 / 2017, Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti , Mumbai India

*लेख की   घटनाएँ ,  स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । लेख में  कथाएँ , चरित्र , स्थान केवल हौंस , हौंसारथ , खिकताट , व्यंग्य रचने  हेतु उपयोग किये गए हैं।
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 Best of Garhwali Humor Literature in Garhwali Language , Jokes  ; Best of Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes  ; Best of  Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes  ; Best of  North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of  Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language  Literature , Jokes  ; Best of  Ridicule in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes  ; Best of  Mockery in Garhwali Language Literature  , Jokes    ; Best of  Send-up in Garhwali Language Literature  ; Best of  Disdain in Garhwali Language Literature  , Jokes  ; Best of  Hilarity in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes  ; Best of  Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language  Literature   ;  Best of Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language Literature  from Pauri Garhwal , Jokes  ; Best of Himalayan Satire Literature in Garhwali Language from Rudraprayag Garhwal  ; Best of Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language from Chamoli Garhwal  ; Best of North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language from Tehri Garhwal  ; Best of Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language from Uttarkashi Garhwal  ; Best of Ridicule in Garhwali Language from Bhabhar Garhwal   ;  Best of Mockery  in Garhwali Language from Lansdowne Garhwal  ; Best of Hilarity in Garhwali Language from Kotdwara Garhwal   ; Best of Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language from Haridwar    ;गढ़वाली हास्य -व्यंग्य ,  जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; ढांगू से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ;
Garhwali Vyangya, Jokes  ; Garhwali Hasya , Jokes ;  Garhwali skits , Jokes  ; Garhwali short Skits, Jokes , Garhwali Comedy Skits , Jokes , Humorous Skits in Garhwali , Jokes, Wit Garhwali Skits , Jokes

Festivals of British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -177
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -197
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1029
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
   
   Baishakhi, Rakshabandhan, Hariyala, Krishna Janmashtami, Vijayadashhara, Dipawali, Anant Chaturdashi, Ghee Sankranti, Vasant Panchami, Shivratri were major festivals. Daily, unmarried girls used to put flowers early morning on door step in Chait month.
    There used to be fair near or inside temples on festive day.
      People used to wait Kauthig, Khaul-Myala (Fair).  Traders used to bring various articles for sales and people used to buy them with eagerness. Fair was also the opportunity for meeting relatives from other places.  People used to fair with enthusiastic mood singing. Fair was memorable events for every event visitors for many days.
  There were fairs those had specific purpose. Baikunth Chaturdashi fair at Kamleshwar temple, Shrinagar was such fair. The pair desiring son used to put burning earthen lamp on their hands and used to stand before idol for whole night. This night is called Khadratri.
     There used to be Jati fair in Pandukeshwar in Magh month where Bhotiya people used to have rituals before Ghantakarn idol. The person who got deity soul into his body used to pick red hot metal rod and used to revolve around his head and then used to put at its place. Kuber ‘s pashwa used to jump into burning fire.
   Gend mela fair (as Rugby) in Katghar, Devikhet, Thalnadi, matiyali were very famous.
    People used to visit in fair at Ganga bank on festival days.
   There were fair in Salt Mahadev, Idiyakot; Shrinagar, Devprayag, Igasar , Vinsar, Paithani ( Kandarsyun ), Vyaschatti (Banelsyun), Danda Nagraja (Kandwalsyun), Mahadevchatti, Foolchatti, Kot Kandai (Dhaijyul), Vilkkedar, Jwalpa Devi temple, Bhairavgarhi, Sangra (Manyarsyun), nagnath, Rudraprayag, Gopeshwar, Joshimath, etc
 In many temples, people used to sacrifice animals as goat or buffalo. Opposite of Shrinagar at Ranihat, there used to be fair of prostitutes (Devdasi).

    There were regional fairs too   where a particular region people used to celebrate events.    

References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-456
2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts Vol.3
 3- Asiatic Researches Vo.l 6



Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 17/9/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1030
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

 History of British Garhwal, History of Devalgarh Garhwal; History of Badhan Garhwal; History of Barasyun Garhwal; History of Chandpur Garhwal; History of Chaundkot Garhwal; History of  Gangasalan Garhwal;  History of Mallasalan Garhwal;  History ofTallasaln Garhwal; History of Dashauli Garhwal; History of Nagpur Garhwal; Sociity  in British Garhwal.

Common People of British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -178
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -198
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1030
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
  
              Before British period, a person established a village and that person put his caste from the village names as Bahuguna from Bugani place, Dabral from Dabar place,  Bartwal from Baret etc.  Till date the caste names of Garhwalis did not change and they had family starting from original village.
     The villagers always established a couple of Harijan families as they were backbone of craft works. Castes as Bhandari (Store keeper), Negi (service), Rawat and Bisht are based on position or awards offered by the kings. Rajput people and many Brahmins used to establish a Brahmin (Purohit) in the village by offering him land.
 Mundit- families used to divide but Mundit did not. Mundit means the family group that mourn commonly.
 There used to be conflicts and fight if aperson used to sell land out of village. British government made rules to bring such case to the court. British also made rule that person could sell land to outsider only when there was no taker in the village. (Becket’s agreement from Stowell, Manuals page 25).
     The rights on land was till harvesting and as soon as harvesting was over, villagers had right on right on such fields for grazing the animals. There was common right of all villager on forests, barren land for fodders and wood and food items.
    In Khas society, there was socialism and there were equal rights from women (Joshi, Khas family Laws). She had right to keep new husband after death of her husband. Division of land was divided as per numbers of wives. British stopped the rule and brought new rules of divding land and assets as per number of sons.
 Government offered some land to padahn (Village chief) as Jithunda for his works. However, when other families used to divide eldest brother used to offer an additional small portion of land as token Jithunda.   
  Cooperation was need of the time in everyday work. People were always help each other without any wage in birth, sanskar, marriage, death and mourning and festivals. People used to help each other in agriculture acts too. People used to offer many articles free to the family where any specific acts is being there as marriage or Terhvain , Barsi etc.
      

.  

References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-456
2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts Vol.3
 3- Asiatic Researches Vo.l 6



Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 18/9/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1031
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

 History of British Garhwal, History of Devalgarh Garhwal; History of Badhan Garhwal; History of Barasyun Garhwal; History of Chandpur Garhwal; History of Chaundkot Garhwal; History of  Gangasalan Garhwal;  History of Mallasalan Garhwal;  History ofTallasaln Garhwal; History of Dashauli Garhwal; History of Nagpur Garhwal; Sociity  in British Garhwal.