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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, July 10, 2017

Folk story about Emerging Ekeshwar Shiva Temple

(Folk Stories from Garhwal series -125)

  Collected  and Edited -Bhishma Kukreti

(Shri Madan Mohan Molasi of Payasu, Kafolsyun narrated this Folk Tale from Garhwal)
    There is famous Shiva temple and Kali temple in Kafolsyun of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand. Shiva Temple is also called Mundeshwar, Mundneshwar or Khairaling Mahadev. Khairaling is famous for animal sacrifice in kali temple.
   Ekeshwar hills are  opposite of Mundeshwar hills and in between there is river (Gadan) and the distance might be Mundeshwar and Ekeshwar (Igashwar) would be around 25 kilometer.
  One day, a shepherd was grazing cattle in Mundeshwar hills. He saw that in Ekeshwar (it was not named Ekeshwar at that time) side, a grazing cattle herd was just to fall into hill valley if they were not called to return back. It was clear that cattle herd was without shepherd.  The shepherd from Mundeshwar hills shouted loudly “ Baudi ja re, Baudi ja re( Herd! Return back). However, it was not possible that herd from Ekeshwar would listen the call from Mundeshwar.
   Shepherd from Mundeshwar called many times but it was not possible for reaching his call to Ekeshwar hills.
    Frustratingly, the shepherd from Mundeshwar picked up a round stone and remembered Mundeshwar Mahadev, “Hey Mundeshwar Mahadev! If I am your true Bhakta (devotee), my stone should reach to cattle herd at that region.”
   Shepherd threw the stone and surprisingly the stone fell before cattle herd at Ekeshwar area, the cattle herd changed the direction and retuned back.
    People of Ekeshwar region came to know the fact and they built small stone shed and started worshipping the stone as Shivling and named the worshiping place as Igashwar or Ekeshwar temple. Later on, the people built big temple there. Now, Ekeshwar temple is big temple in the region (Ekeshwar tehsil)
  Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2017

Civil Police

British Administration in Garhwal   -132
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -152
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -986
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

   For security for British officers and fearing the citizens and criminals, it was essential for keeping civil police force in the district capitals. Due to reforming the secured tourism, medical facilities at tourist roads, shelters in Garhwal, there was increase in pilgrims. British officilas felt the need of civil police at dev Prayag, Shrinagar, Rudraprayag, Kedarnath, Joshimath and Badrinath.
      It was need for civil police in Bhabhar from the beginning. Officials kept civil force in Shrinagar and Kotdwara from 1815.  In rainy season the police post used to shift from Kotdwara to Dadamandi.
   The businessmen from Shrinagar on 10th January 1816, sent a request letter to Almora Commissioner Gardner that on 15thDecember 1815, dacoits looted their servants bringing  clothing worth Rs.600 in between Kotdwara and Naziabad. Businessmen requested horse police force arrangement in between Kotdwara and Nazibabad.
    After getting information from Gardner on 27 January 1816, Secretary general Adam sent an order to William for sending order to Trail for establishing revenue police there. Trail instructed Tehsildar for keeping Gorkha battalion in Kotdwara for stopping dacoits. Kotdwara Tehsildar kept one havildar and 6 soldiers in Zafarabad. Since, there was no sheltering arrangement in zafarabad, the force was kept at Kodiya 2 miles away from  Kotdwara at Kotdwara-Nazibabad road.  However, looting did not stop.  The hill businessmen had to suffer losses regularly. There was too much and regular looting in between Kotdwara and Nazibabad.By 1823, there was complete no business transactions between traders of plans and hills. Trail had been sending request to HQ for help to stop looting.

XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson , Himalayan Districts , Vol 2 pages 507-520

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,4bjkukreti@gmail.com 6/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -987
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement , 

Civil Police under British Rule

British Administration in Garhwal   -133
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -153
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -987
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

 The dacoits had shelters in Bhabhar and South Bhabhar from end of Mughal era.  Unable for stopping dacoits, Kumaun, Garhwal Kings and later, Gorkha administrators offered contract to Heria and Mewatis for security. Mewati and Heria had big groups.  There were disputes on inclusion of territories as Chandi Ghat , Bhabhar and Tarai in Garhwal or in Bijnor under British rule and those territories were sometime under Garhwal and sometime under Bijnor. The repeated changes increase dacoit looting problems.
  In 1824, the Gujar commander of Saharanpur Kalyan Singh alias Kalua increased his mischievous activities looting, in Dehradun region.  Dacoits of Kalua attacked on two military police posts and snatched weapons from there. Trail was helpless.
     Due to inability to control him, the numbers of his dacoit followers increased. Haridwar was best sheltering region for them. Dacoits of Kalyan Singh started looting pilgrims. When  Sirmour battalion killed Kalyan Singh, his two commanders Bhura and Kunwar his followers ran away to Bhabhar and Tari regions of Garhwal and took shelter there.
  Bird reported in 1837 that the Garhwal , Kumaon administration was totally failed in solving the problems of  dacoits in Bhabhar and Tarai. Dacoits tagged businessmen, common men and herdsmen on trees and left them hung there till death. Bird stated that several skeletons were seen on trees of deceased killed by dacoits,
  Government separated Chandi Taluka, Katoridun, Patalidun from Garhwal and merged with Bijnor. The Kashipur, Thakurdwara, Jaspur, Bajpur were separated from Kumaon and merged them with Moradabad and Pilibhit.
  However, the dacoit and looting problems remained same. Government again merged above cited regions in Garhwal and Kumaon respectively in 1842,
     With the population increase, government increased police posts and force, Government had to increase force due to noncooperation movement too.
     There was terror and anarchy of police on people. There was fear among common men about police. That psychological fear from police is still in the mind of general public in 2017. Police force was kept in urban region and no police activities were in villages.
XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson , Himalayan Districts , Vol 2 pages 507-520

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,4bjkukreti@gmail.com 7/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -987
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  

Crime in British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -134
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -154
-

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -988
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

  Trail wrote in 1816, “There is no need of civil police in Garhwal Kumaon as there are least serious crimes. Least is known about murder.  The number of serious crinals never increased more than a dozen in a year. Most of cited crimes were in plains.”
            In 1822, Trail sated that – Last year, 65 persons were put into jail and out of 6 were found serious criminals. Only one criminal was found absconding. Serious violence is scare. There were looting in hill regions but looters were from plains. Adultery was also minimal. There were custom of killing girl child among a couple of Rajput communities. However, in Gurkha rule, those Rajput families left  Garhwal and settled in plains.
   There were women suicide incidents by females due to frustration. Men suicide was not heard barring leprosy man used to do suicide.
  There was at least 100 deaths annually due to attack by wild animals.
   Lower caste Rajput putting on sacred thread were taken to court was very common. Most of the court cases were related to women. H
  However, Glin in 1822 wrote that there should be serious research for death by wild animals, suicide, death by snake biting or felling into hills.

              XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson , Himalayan Districts , Vol 2 pages 507-520

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com /9/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -989
-
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   

Geetesh Negi: A Poet of Social Concern

गढ़वाल,उत्तराखंड,हिमालय से गढ़वाली कविता  क्रमगत इतिहास  भाग - 169) 

 (Critical and Chronological History of Garhwali Poetry, part - 169)
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
-
  When a young man of professional experience as engineering with social concern enters into poetry field, the langue gets an energy, catalytic ingredient and new dimension.
        Garhwali poetic world is lucky for getting poet from engineering background and with social movement background as Geetesh Negi.
 Geetesh Negi was born in 1984 in Mahar Village of Kolagarh region of Pauri Garhwal. Geetesh spent  a couple of years in rural Garhwal and shifted to Saharanpur where he got his studies. Geetesh had been travelling a lot in the country and abroad for his professional job. There is effects of  every step of his life on his poetries.
   Geetesh translated poetries of famous foreign language poetries. His first poetry collection ‘Ghughti Ghur Ghur’ is under publication.
            The subjects of poems by Geetesh are lacking of desired development in rural Garhwal, pain of migration, corruption in Gram Panchayat and administration, lethargy among youth and helplessness among old generation. The pain of nonstop migration from villages, agro fields transforming into lantana jungles are very vocal subjects before the poet.
 Migration to unknown land by Garhwalis is never ending pain for all Garhwalis and in such circumstances the poem emerges-
मेरु आस कु पंछी रीटणु रैंद 
झणि किलै बैचैन ह्वे कि 
किलै डब -डबाणी रैंदी   

   Geetesh is concerned about that even after creation of Uttarakhand state the situation is not improved but worsened and everywhere brokers are teaming up-
खाणा बी छीं 
पीणा बी छीं 
कुरचणा बी छीं  
फुकणा  बी छीं 
लुटणा बी छीं 
 A poet is not regional poet but always a humanitarian and that is why a poem emerges-
गांधी त्यारा देस मा 
हूणी  आज गांधीवादै हत्या 

 Garhwali language is endanger language and that’s why the poem " किलै कि क्वी कणाणु छाई " comes out.
  There are sharp satirical poems created by Geetesh too.
 His style is modern, free verses but with rhythm.
 His pathos poem or illustrating Garhwal imagery are marvelous and Geetesh uses proverbs, sayings, riddles as per need and create proper desired images
   Geetesh uses Badalpuri (South Garhwal, Salani) dialects abundantly and without any hesitation and those words don’t hurdle the understanding of poems by the readers.
 Poetry critic Dr. Manju Dhoundiyal, Editor Madan Duklan and poetry activist Lokesh Navani appreciate young poet and all are hopeful that in coming days, Geetesh will fetch poems those will compete international fame poets.

              वू लोग "(उत्तेजक गढ़वाली कविता )-

हमरा ही घोलौं बैठी ,हम्थेय की उडाणा छीं वू लोग
हमरा ही लट्ठों से ,हम्थेय की ठियाणा छीं वू लोग
हमरा ही म्वालौं थेय लगैऽक ,गिच्चौं फर हमरा
छुईं हमरी ही कन्न लगाणा छीं वू लोग


सरया जिन्दगी बाटू दिखाई जौं लोगौं

बाट हम्थेय ही आज कन्न बिरडाणा छीं वू लोग

खाई सरया जिन्दगी जौंल गाड- गाडीऽक पैन्छु

हम्थेय ही आज डडियाणा छीं वू लो


खुच्चिलियुं मा ख्यलीं ब्याली  जू हमरी


खण्ड कन्ना कन्ना हम्थेय ही आज खिलाणा छीं वू लोग

जू बुथैं बगत बगत थमथ्याकि हमुल

कन्न आज हम्थेय ही ठगाणा छीं वू लोग



जौंकी मुखडी आश देखि काट सरया जिंदगी हमुल

कन्न मुखडी आज सर्र हमसे ही लुकाणा छीं वू लोग

जौं थेय रौं पिल़ाणु दूध ,खून प्डू सोचिक

कन्न गुरा बणिक आज हम्थेय ही तडकाणा छीं वू लोग



सैंती पालि कैरी ज्वान जू

बोझ हम्थेय ही आज बताणा छीं वू लोग

जौं का बाना पूजीं ढुन्गा सरया दुनियाऽक

ढुन्गु समझिक उन्दु आज हम्थेय ही चुलाणा छीं वू लोग


दिन चार पैदा हूँया , जौं थेय नि व्हाई अज्जी

औकात ब्वेऽक आज पुछणा छीं वू लो

मी छौं हिमालय ,प्राण -भाल भारत कू ,

यी  बस परिचय म्यारू

मिल सुण सफेदपोश व्हेकि अज्काल

दिल्ली -देहरादूण मा

लाल बत्ती खूब रिंगाणा छीं वू लो


            लाल बत्ती खूब रिंगाणा छीं वू लोग...........


स्रोत : हिमालय की गोद से ,गीते सिंह नेगी (सर्वाधिकार सुरक्षित )

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2017
-
चमोली गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता ,लोकगीत  इतिहास ; टिहरी गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड , उत्तरीभारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; देहरादून गढ़वाल , त्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल ,उत्तराखंड , उत्तरी भारत कविता , लोकगीत  इतिहास ; 
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History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History and review of Garhwali Poems, Folk Song from Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, South Asia; History  Garhwali poems from Haridwar ;