उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ Kar in Garhwal

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -171    

   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -418

                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                   Sikhs Attacking on Dehradun

                   When Garhwal Court administrators were busy in infighting, Sikh, Gujjar and Rajput were busy in raiding and looting Doon valley villages.
 In 1783, Baghel Singh a Sikh Sardar of Sikh looters was ruler of Karodsinghi/Panjghadiya Misal. It was easy for his army to raid on  Sirmaur, Doon valley of Garhwal, Sahranpur, Haridwar and Bhabhar Garhwal and come easily after looting the subjects. Baghel Singh had strong 12000 Cavalier soldiers.
    Baghel Singh looted Saharanpur, Haridwar and marched towards Doab or Awadh by crossing Ganga River. Awadh naba could stop Baghel Singh. The soldiers of Baghel Singh invaded Dehradun or Doon valley. Garhwal army neither had arms to resist Baghel Singh army nor did they have courage to fight with enthusiastic soldiers of Baghel Singh.
   The people of Doon started fleeing here and there from Sikh invaders. Some people kept their costly belongings into Guru Ram Rai Durbar Sahib. It is said that soldiers did not loot Guru Ram Rai Durbar Sahib but did not leave anything from the houses nearby Guru Ram Rai Durbar. Sikh looters burnt tens of villages too.
       There was high feminine in Punjab in 1783 and Sikhs started roaming and looting Saharanpur, Haridwar, Dehradun and Bhabhar regions.
                Rakhi or Kambali Tax by Sikh Looters
  Maratha invaders used to levy ‘Chauth’ and ‘Sirdesmukhi’ tax those wanted peace from them. Sikhs started levying ‘Rakhi’ (protection) tax from nearby regions. The job of tax collector Sikhs was to protect people from other looters. Sikh looters used to collect one fifth of harvesting from people as ‘Rakhi’ tax.  The tax was also called as ‘Kambali’ as the value of tax used to equal to a blanket. Sikh Looters divided their territories for collecting ‘Rakhi’ or ‘Kambali’ tax.
  East India Company took charge of protecting Awdh from Sikh invaders. Therefore, Sikhs used to invade Doon, Haridwar and Bhabhar regularly. People were under tension and painful life. Garhwal King agreed to pay four thousand rupees as ‘Rakhi’ or ‘Kambali’ tax to Sikh invaders that they would not loot Garhwal territory.
        Sikh Sardars used to come to Doon and Bhabhar and used to collect money. There was no protection for the family who deny paying tax to Sikh Sardar.  Copying Sikh Sardar many Turks in the form of Sikh also started from Kolkatta coming to Bhabhar, Haridwar, Dehradun and Saharanpur for collecting ‘Rakhi’ or ‘Kambali’ tax. Apart paying ‘Rakhi’ or Kambali’ tax villagers used to welcome the Sardar due to terror.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com2/9/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -419
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period  History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
           History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ in Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ Tax in Lal Dhang Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ Tax in Kotdwara Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ in Bhabhar Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ in Dehradun Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ Tax  in Dhamawala Dehradun , Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ Tax in Raipur, Dehradun Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ in Rajpur Dehradun, Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ tax in Haridwar Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ tax in Rurkee Haridwar Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ tax in Sakrauda Haridwar Garhwal; History of Sikh ‘Rakhi Tax’ or Kambali’ tax in Manglaur Haridwar Garhwal;

Monday, September 1, 2014

Folk Song on Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony Sacrament:a Religious Drama

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -210          
   Folk Song and Dance in Life Cycle Events, Religious Rituals, Sacrament or Garhwali Folk Dramas with Karmkand -4
                         संस्कार /कर्मकांड के गढ़वाली लोक नाटक – 4       

                     Presented by Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar)
 Upnayana Sanskar /Yagyopavit Sanskar/Janeu Pahnne ka Sanskar is n event of life cycle of Hindus. It is hanging threads on upper body part of a boy that symbolizes transference of spiritual knowledge.
The Pundit performs the religious rituals in Sanskrit (Karmkand) and Mangler (Auspicious Song Woman singer) sings the folk song at the ceremony.
There are three parts of Yagyopavit Sanskar Folk Song-
1-Farming of Cotton and making threads by Pundit
2-Search of Guru by father of the son
3-Threading ceremony by capable Guru
यज्ञोपवीत /उपनयन /जनेऊ संस्कार का गढ़वाली लोकगीत
भली -भली पुंगड्यूं मा बोइ च कबास
भाई बैण्यूं न मिलीकी गोडी च कबास
उनिया -धुनियान मिलिकी काती च कबास
माँ जी भौजीन मिलिकी काती च कबास
ब्रह्मा का बेटान बटी च कबास
 बणावा  ब्रह्मा जी नौलड्या जनेऊ
सुण ल्यावो ब्रह्मा जी कायरों नि होयां कायरों नि होयां ,
हमारो कारिज वित्त समाना ,वित्त समाना
सात स्वागिण्योन खैंडु  च खीलो
 
सात स्वागिण्योन ग्वाडो च खीलो सात स्वागिण्योन काती च कबास
काती कूति द्याई उन विशेश्वर का पास
विशेश्वरना तब यो सूत ब्रह्मा जी तैं द्याया
ब्रह्मा जीन चेला तैं गुरुमंत्र जनेऊ द्याया
ब्रह्मा जी को चेला आज गुरुमुखो ह्वै ग्याया
बघमरी आसण द्याया टिमरू को सोटा
काँध मा धैर्याला वैना  खैरुवा की झोली
एक हाथ ल्याई वैना सूनो कमंडल
---------पुत्र द्वारा पिताजी से गुरु की खोज का आग्रह ----------
लावा मेरा बुबाजी ब्रह्मा खोजी लावा
आज चैंदो पिताजी वेदमुखी ब्रह्मा
य तो कारिज सुफल फलीन य तो कारिज सुफल फलीन
आज च बेटा कु जनेऊ ,आज च बेटा कु जनेऊ
न्यूति आले वेद मुखी ब्रह्मा
गया पुरी मा होलो गौतिम को  बेटा गौतिम को  बेटा होलो उत्तिम बरमा
जै जस दियां भूमि का भूम्याळ
 
जै जस दियां पितर दिबता
---गुरु द्वारा जनेऊ पहनाना और आशीर्वाद देना ---

दे द्यावा गुरु जी गुरु मंतरये दे द्यावा गुरु जी गुरु मंतरये
दे याले चेला त्वे गुरु मंतरये
दे याले चेला त्वे गुरु मंतरये
सुगुरु को चेला छै गुरुमुखी ह्वेलो
 गुरुमुखी चेला छे निरमुखी ना ह्वेई
अमर रई चेला लाख बरस
जब तलक चाँद सूरज ये सुगुरु को चेला छै गुरुमुखी ह्वेलो
तुम करा चेला कुल को उद्धार ये
ब्रह्म ब्रत ल्याई माँ जी भिक्छा दे द्यावा
आज बटी तेरो चेला गुरु चेला ह्वे ग्याया

-इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति -भीष्म कुकरेती



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 1/9/2014 for interpretation notes  
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
XX
Folk Song on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Haridwar Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Dehradun Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony  Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Uttarkashi Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Tehri Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Chamoli Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Rudraprayag Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament; Garhwali Folk Song from Pauri Garhwal on a Religious Drama of Janeu/Yagyopavit Sanskar / Sacred Thread Ceremony   Sacrament;

क्या राहुल गांधी को सुस्त बछड़ा कहना सही है ?

चबोड़्या - भीष्म कुकरेती 

  इंडियन एक्स्प्रेस मा एक न्यूज आई बल दिग्गी बाबून बोली बल राहुल गांधी तैं कौंग्रेसौ भाग बदलणो वास्ता मीडिया मा दिखेण चयेंद , इन लगण चयेंद कि राहुल बाबा कुछ बुलणु च। वर्तमान चमचाधिराज मधुसूदन मिस्त्रीन जबाब मा बोलि बल कौंग्रेसी नेतौं सणि सार्वजनिक जगा त छवाड़ो  सुपिन मा बि नेहरू खानदान का बारा मा इन नि बुलण चयेंद। 
मीन स्वाच  कि यदि जु कॉंग्रेस मा कॉंग्रेस्यूं तैं नेहरू -गांधी याने  राजकीय परिवार का बाराम सार्वजनिक रूप से बुलणो खुली छूट होंदी , बीच चौक मा भर्तस्ना करणो आजादी हूंदी , चौबट मा सार्वजनिक आलोचना की स्वतंत्रता हूँदि तो क्या हूंद ?
मनमोहन सिंह हल्ला कौरिक सोनिया जी से बुल्दा - बल सोनिया जी ! तै राहुल बौड़ो कुछ कारो।  चुप बैठ्युं च।  चुप बैठणो ठेकेदारी त मै तैं मिलीं च अर चुप स्यु बौड़ बैठ्युं च। 
सोनिया - हे भगवान ! मेरी त मवासी घाम लग गे।  जब ये नर्भागी बछड़ा का कुतकी मारणो दिन छा , एक फाँगि से हैंकि फाँगि मा फाळ मारणो समय छौ स्यु घाम तपणु च।  जपानीज कंसल्टेंट तैं भट्यावो। 
कपिल सिब्बल - जपानीज कंस्लटेंटुन खन्नु खरपट्ट करण ? हमन तै अळगसी तैं राजस्थान -मध्य प्रदेसौ चुनावुं मा इनर्जी टैबलेट याने ऊर्जा  गोळी खलैन तो   …… 
सोनिया गांधी - तो तैन भाजपा का कील ज्यूड़ तोड़ि देन क्या ?
कपिल सिब्बल -क्यांक भाजपा का कील ज्यूड़ तुडिन ?
सोनिया - तो ?
कपिल सिब्बल - अरे स्यु निर्भागी मुसदुंळ लुकी गे।  मुसदुंळ बटें रीता जोशी बहुगुणा , साकेत बहुगुणा जन मूसूं सिकैत आई बल स्यु राहुल त हमारी ही नकल  करण लग गे अर किर्र किर्र किराणु च। 
सोनिया गांधी - यां कुछ तो कारो ! मेरी मवासिक क्या ह्वाल ?
मनीष तिवाड़ी - ये गळया  बौड़क  कुछ नि ह्वे सकुद। 
सोनिया - कनो ?
मनीष तिवाड़ी - हमन कथगा दैं तै गळया  बौड़क काँध मा गौळ डाळ पर मजाल च कि तैपर कुछ फरक पौड़ी हो धौं !
सोनिया गांधी -ह्यां ह्वाइ क्या च ?
मनीष तिवाड़ी - हूण क्या छौ।  पिछ्ला दस -ग्यारा सालुंम बारा गौळ  सौड़ि गेन पर यी राहुल बौड़ मा ज्यु धरदां तो यु बौड़ स्यूं ज्यूक भ्यूं बैठ जांद। 
सोनिया गांधी - तो कुछ हौर करदा !
पी चिदंबरम - कार किलै नी च। 
सोनिया - क्या कार ?
पी चिदंबरम - हमन जब द्याख कि जनि राहुलक काँध मा चुनावी ज्यु धार तो स्यु बौड़ झम बैठ जावु तो हमन तैक खुंटों पर भाषणु छलपटी लगैन कि स्यु गळया बौड़ भ्यूं नि बैठो।
सोनिया गांधी - तो खुटुं पर छिलपटुं लगण से तैन कथगा पुंगड़ु  हौळ लगाइ ? 
मोअली - केक हौळ लगाइ।  तैन छिलपट अर ज्यू इ तोड़ि देन अर उख्मी बीच पुंगड़ मां बैठि गे। झूठ बुलणु हूं त शीला दीक्षित बैणि तैं पूछी ल्यावदी। 
सोनिया - ये दीदी  क्या क्या ह्वे ? 
शीला - मीन दिल्ली वळु तैं धाद लगैक बुलै छौ कि हमर बछड़ा हौळ लगाण लैक ह्वे गे तो एक हाल देखिक लोग भाजी गेन।  मै नि लगद राहुल बछड़ा कबि हळ्या बल्द बौणल। 
सोनिया - खड़गे जी तुम क्या बुलणा छंवां ?
खड़गे - मीन क्या बुलण ?    बुलणम बि शरम लगदी . वु आण नी च कि दुसरौ कालु हंसावु अर अपण कालु रुलावु। 
सोनिया गांधी - ह्यां ह्वाइ क्या च ?
खड़गे - हूण क्या छौ।  तै दिन संसदौ चौक मा सँजैत दैं लगणी छे।  सबी पार्टयूँ बौड़ , ढांग बल्द , गौड़ी -बाछी सब दैं लगैक अपर अपर फसल मांडणा छया अर हमर बछड़ा बीच चौक मा सियुं छौ . 
सोनिया - तो क्या करे जावु ?
मोतीलाल बोरा - अब त प्रिंयका तै ट्राई करणो समय ऐ गे। 
सोनिया (गुस्सा मा )- क्याssss ?
सबि - नै नै हम खुंडु उस्तरा से दाढ़ी बणै ल्योला अर गळया बौड़ से भद्वाड़ बै ल्योला।   


Copyright@  Bhishma Kukreti  2  /9/ 2014       
*लेख में  घटनाएँ , स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । 

  
Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language, Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language , Uttarakhandi Wit in Garhwali Language , North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language , Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language , Ridicule in Garhwali Language  , Mockery in Garhwali Language, Send-up in Garhwali Language, Disdain in Garhwali Language, Hilarity in Garhwali Language, Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language; Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language from Pauri Garhwal; Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Uttarakhandi Wit in Garhwali Language from Chamoli Garhwal; North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language from Tehri Garhwal; , Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Ridicule in Garhwali Language from Bhabhar Garhwal; Mockery  in Garhwali Language from Lansdowne Garhwal; Hilarity in Garhwali Language from Kotdwara Garhwal; Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language from Haridwar;

बहू को कत्ल करने के सौ सरल तरीके

चबोड़्या - भीष्म कुकरेती 


परस्यूं मि गौं जाणु छौं त मीन ड्यार सब्युं कुण रैबार भेजी याल छौ कि मि ड्यार आणु छौं त कै तैं कुछ चयेणु हो त बतै देन। 

गां बटें सुंदरा बौक फोन आई," ये भीषम ! जरा बम्बै बिटेन एक नकचुंडी लये। "
मीन पूछ - पर नकचुंडी त गढ़वाळ मा इ मिल्दन तो मुम्बै बिटेन नकचुंडी ?
बौक जबाब छौ -मीन सरा कोटद्वार बजार ढूंढ वा नकचुंडी नि मील ज्वा मि तैं चयाणी छे। 
मि - क्वी ख़ास नकचुंडी चयाणि च क्या ?
सुंदरा बौ -हाँ ! मीन पता लगै याल बल स्या ख़ास नकचुंडी बम्बै मा कालबादेवी बजारम 'टीवी सीरियल प्रोडक्ट सप्लायर ' दुकानिम मिलदी।
मि - यां पर यीं नकचुंडिक नाम क्या च ?
सुंदरा बौ - नकचुंडिक नाम त मि नि बोल सकुद पर 'खत्ता धरेन तैं सासुक " टीवी सीरियल मा वा हरामखोर , बदजात ,  पातर खलनायिका किरतुली नी च ? वा जब बि अपण ससुर या कक्या ससुर तैं डरांदि तो ख़ास 'नकचुंडी' दिखैक डरांदि।  मीन बि अपण ससुर जी अर कक्या ससुर जी तैं बि नकचुंडी दिखै दिखैक डराण। वीं हरामखोर , बदजात , पातर वळि नकचुंडी लाण नि बिसरी हाँ !
सतपुळी बटें छमनाक फोन आयि - अब इख गढ़वाळम  इन क्वी चीज नी च जू बम्बै मिल्द हो अर इख नि मिल्दी हो।  पर एक उ रुमाल इख नि मिल्द।  पता च मि कन रुमाल की बात करणु छौं ?
मि - ना ये छमना। 
छमना - अरे 'कर देंगे कभी भी बहू का  कतल ' टीवी सीरियल नी च ?
मि - मि इ सासु -ब्वारी सीरियल नि दिखुद। 
छमना - हैं ! सीरियल नि दिखदा त मुंबई मा झख मारणा  छवां ? 
मि -अच्छा लाण क्या च ?
छमना - यां उनि रुमाल लाण जन   'कर देंगे कभी भी बहू का  कतल 'सीरियल की खलनायिका हर समय एक ख़ास रुमाल लेकि अपण नणदक गौळ दबाणै फिराक मा रौंदि।  मि तैं वु हत्यारा रुमाल भौत पसंद च। मि वै रुमाल से अपण बौ तैं डरौंलु। 
गुदमा काकीक फोन आइ अर बुलण मिस्याई - बल ये भीषम ! जरा एक विशेष बिछुवा लए।  छ त बिछुवा च पर दिख्यांणम   यु बिछुवा खतरनाक बिषैला  सांप दिखेंद  बस द्वी जोड़ी बिषैला सम्पोला छाप बिछुवा लये। 
मि -विषैला सम्पोला छाप बिछुवा ?
गुदमा काकी - हाँ ' कक्या ससुर को जीने नहीं देंगे " सीरियल नी च ? उखमा वा खलनायिका नी च ? वा कमीनी, कुत्ती , खबेशण  खलनायिका बिषैला सम्पोला छाप बिछुवा पैरिक अपण सासु अर कक्या सासु की हत्या की साजिस रचदी।  वु सीरियल त उथ्गा प्रसिद्द नि ह्वे पर वींक डरौण्या बिछुवा इख भौत प्रसिद्ध ह्वे गेन।  बस द्वी जोड़ी वीं कमीनी खलनायिका ब्रैंड बिछुवा लाण नि बिसरी हाँ। 
चण्डिका ब्वारिक फोन आयि - ये जी ! जब बम्बै बिटेन घौर आणा इ छंवां तो जरा चार पांच किस्मौ दसेक बंडल वैम्पिस  (खलनायिका ) बिंदी लयेन। 
मि -वैम्पिस  (खलनायिका ) बिंदी ?
चण्डिका ब्वारी - हाँ अच्काल हरेक टीवी सीरियल मा वैम्प याने खलनायिका किसिम किसिम की भयानक सकल की बिंदी पैरदन जन की सांप की सकल की , बिच्छू जन बिंदी , खूंखार घड़ियाल जन बिंदी , दहाड़ता ड्रैगन जन बिंदी।  अर यूँ वैम्पिस छाप बिंद्यूं प्रचलन भौत बढ़ी गे ।  अचकाल वैम्पिस बिंदी नि लगावो तो गाँव मा लोग समजदन कि या जनानी फ़ूहड़ , गंवार जनानी च। 
बरमी  बोडिक फोन आयि - ये भीखम  !   जरा मेकुण चार जोड़ी धगुल लये। 
मि - कै तरां क धगुल ? जखमा गणेश जी , विष्णु जी , नंदा देवी की मूर्ति गड़ीं ह्वावन ?
बरमी बोडी - इथगा साल बम्बै मा रैक बि तु लाटा का लाटु इ रै।  अरे अच्काल भगवानुं मूर्ति वाळ धगुल बि क्वी पैरदु क्या ?
मि - तो ?
बरमी बोडी -अरे अजकाल तो रावण , कंस,  महिसासुर , कैंटो  जन असुरों मूर्ति वाळ धगुलुं  रिवाज चल्युं च।  द्याख नी तीन ' कहाँ की सास और कहाँ की बहू ", 'काण्ड लगे इस सास पर ", 'कितनी बुरु मेरी सास , कितनी फितना मेरी बहू " जन सीरियल जखमा सबि खलनायक आर  खलनायिका रागसूं मूर्ति वळ धगुल पैरदन? मेकुण बि चार जोड़ी रागसुं मूर्ति जड़्यां धगुल लये। बिसर ना हाँ ! अर एक बि दिव्ता मूर्ति जड़्यां धगुल नि लै हाँ। 
धुपणि ब्वारी अबि बि म्यार दगड़ बचळयाण मा शर्मांद च त धुपणि ब्वारिक SMS आयि - जिठा जी ! जरा " सास को तंग करने के सौ तरीके " किताब लयेन। 
मीन वै जमानै आठ पास रघुनथि ददि कुण फोन कार - ये ददि यि क्या हूणु च।  सब खलनायक या खलनायिकौं  झुल्ला , जेवरात मंगाणा छन ? यि क्या भंगुल जमणु च। 
रघुनथि ददिन जबाब दे - अरे अजकाल टीवी सीरियलुं मा पारिवारिक घात -प्रतिघात , पीठ पर छुर्रा भुकणो जन कथा चलणा छन तो यी कथाकार सीरयलुं मा खलनायक खलनायिकाकी पोजिसनिंग लार्जर दैन लाइफ दिखाणा छन तो अब खलनायक -खलनायिकाओं द्वारा पैर्युं लत्ता -कपड़ा , जर -जेव्हरात आम जनता मा प्रसिद्ध हूणि च। अच्छा सूण अच्छु ह्वे तीन इ फोन कौर दे।  मि त्वैकुण फोन करण इ वाळ छौ। एक किताब लये। 
मि - विष्णु सहस्त्र नामा कि शिवचालीसा ?
रघुनथि ददि - ना ना सि किताब त अब आउट ऑफ डेटेड ह्वै गेन।  मेकुण ' बहू  को कत्ल करने के सौ सरल तरीके   " किताब लये जरा।  सुणनम आइ कि बड़ी रोचक  किताब च। 


Copyright@  Bhishma Kukreti  1 /9/ 2014       
*लेख में  घटनाएँ , स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । 

  
Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language, Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language , Uttarakhandi Wit in Garhwali Language , North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language , Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language , Ridicule in Garhwali Language  , Mockery in Garhwali Language, Send-up in Garhwali Language, Disdain in Garhwali Language, Hilarity in Garhwali Language, Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language; Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language from Pauri Garhwal; Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Uttarakhandi Wit in Garhwali Language from Chamoli Garhwal; North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language from Tehri Garhwal; , Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Ridicule in Garhwali Language from Bhabhar Garhwal; Mockery  in Garhwali Language from Lansdowne Garhwal; Hilarity in Garhwali Language from Kotdwara Garhwal; Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language from Haridwar;

Folk Song on a Religious Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -209          
   Folk Song and Dance in Life Cycle Events, Religious Rituals, Sacrament or Garhwali Folk Dramas with Karmkand -3
                         संस्कार /कर्मकांड के गढ़वाली लोक नाटक – 3       

                     Presented by Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar)
                 First Hair Cut ceremony or Chudakarm Sanskar or Mundan Sanskar plays a important role in life cycle of Hindu. Pundit performs the Karmkand ritual of Chudakarm and the barber cuts the hair of a boy.
 The Mangler (Auspicious folk woman song singer) sings the following song while barber cuts the hair of boy.
 चूड़ाकर्म अथवा मुंडन संस्कार का एक गढ़वाली लोकगीत

नाई  रे नाई रेss तू मेरो भाई नाई  रे नाई रेss तू मेरो  धरम भाई हेsss 
त्वै द्योलो नाई पांउ खड़ाऊ
नाई  रे नाई रेss कानू कुंडल है sss नाई  रे नाई रेss शाल दुशाला नाई  रे नाई रेss जरीद कपड़ी  हेsss  नाई  रे नाई रेss रेशमी पगड़ी
मेरा लाडला तैं तू पीड़ा ना लाई हे sss


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 31/8/2014 for interpretation notes  
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
XX
Folk Song on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Haridwar Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Uttarkashi Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Dehradun Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Tehri Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Rudraprayag Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Pauri Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament; Folk Song from Chamoli Garhwal on a Religious Folk Drama of Chudkarm Sanskar /First Hair Cut Sacrament;

Folk Dance-Song in Naming Ceremony of Garhwal

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -208           
   Song and Dance in Life Cycle Events, Religious Rituals or Garhwali Folk Dramas with  Karmkand -2
                         कर्मकांड के गढ़वाली लोक नाटक – 2        

                     Presented by Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar)
 Naming Ceremony is important aspects of Hindu child.
          There were two rituals in naming ceremony run simultaneously in past. The Pundit used chant Sholkas in Sanskrit inside the room with mother, child and relatives.  
         While the Pundit is busy in Chanting Sholka and performing Karmkand of Namkaran or Dashptan or Naming Ceremony in the room, a Harijan Mangler (Woman singer of Auspicious Song) used to sing auspicious songs outside the room (courtyard). Many times the village women also sing with Mangler.  The following Garhwali folk Song is taken from Rawain Jaunpur sung at the time of Naming Ceremony (Namkaran or Dashotan)-
दशोटण /दशूटन अथवा नामकरण संस्कार का जौनसारी -गढ़वाली लोक गीत
बोला बोला सगुन बोला बोला बोला सगुन बोला
गणपति आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे ,गणपति आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
सुधि -बुधि देवी का आनंद छाये ,सुधि -बुधि देवी का आनंद छाये
विष्णु जी का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे ,विष्णु जी का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे लक्ष्मी जी का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे ,लक्ष्मी जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
ब्रह्मा जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेब्रह्मा जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
ब्रह्माणी जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेब्रह्मणी जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
नारैण जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेनारैण जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
बाबा जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेबाबा जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
माँ जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेमाँ जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
धौळी  जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजेधौळी जी  का आंगुणी बढ़ई बाजे
तू ह्वेलु बेटा देवतौं को जायो तू ह्वेलु बेटा कुल को उज्याळो
आज जाया तेरा नाम धर्याले
तू जाया कुल को राखी नाउ

(Reference- Madhuri Manuraj Barthwal, Shailvani Tritiy Varshik Visheshank, 2004, page 63)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 29/8/2014 for interpretation notes  
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
References -
1-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya Geet
2- Keshav Anuragi, Nad Nandani (Unpublished)
3- Dayashankar Bhatt, Divya Sangit (Unpublished)
4- Glossary of Indian Classic Music
XX
 Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Garhwal; Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Ravain Garhwal;Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Tehri Garhwal; Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Dehradun Garhwal; Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Ravain of Tehri Garhwal;  Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Jaunpur of Dehradun Garhwal; Folk Dance-Song in Religious Rituals of Naming Ceremony of Jaunpur of Garhwal;  

History of Fall of Minyan Ghamand Singh

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -170    

   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -417

                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

   After Minyan Ghamand Singh taking charge as Chief Minister of Garhwal Kingdom, ministry started working as usual. Ministers were attending court in morning and afternoon. However, Minyan Ghamand Singh also proved to be authoritarian. Minyan Ghamand Singh started taking decision without taking advices from ministers and elites. He was more atrocious than Kripa Ram Dobhal. Due to his atrociousness other ministers and elites became his opponents. Ghamand Singh had his own strong army with him in Shrinagar. Therefore, goldar (police and army officers) did not oppose Ghamand Singh openly. Goldar were afraid that Ghamand Singh would fire them from their posts.
                       Conspiracy of Goldar (defense and police officers)

   Due to a couple of orders, the Goldar were terrified. Vijay Ram Negi was paternal uncle of Ajabram Negi. Vijay Ram and Ajab ram belonged to Kainyur of Chopdakot of Chaundkot region. Both were Goldar in Shrinagar court. Vijay Ram requested Ghamand Singh for his salary as he was going to his village for marriage of his niece. Ghamand Singh refused to pay his salary. Vijay Ram went to his village without taking proper permission from anybody. Ghamand Singh was displeased by behavior of Vijay Ram. The ministers told to Ghamand Singh that “you had become atrocious and do not take their advices. You did not pay salary to Vijay Ram. We don’t like your dictatorship. You go back to Doon (Dehradun).” The ministers requested him to kill Nauityals and Dobhals. Ghamadn Singh refused to do so as he had taken vow not to kill them.
   Ghamand Singh complained to the King about the misbehavior of ministers. The weak King was pleased by knowing the fraction among Ghamand Singh and other ministers. He ordered Ghamand Singh to correct the ministers. The King spread the news that he was ill.
 The ministers became afraid that now Ghamand Singh would finish them.
 Ajab Ram Negi went to see the King with Ghamand Singh. Ajab ram Negi got money for his sister’s marriage from the king.

  Conspiracy of Goldar against Ghamand Singh in Kainyuar Chaundkot

        Dhannu Gaddi the Chief Commander of Garhwal army in Kumaon that was sent with Lalit Shah, his assistants Lachman, Baliya and Kewal Gaddi the Goldar from Shrinagar met in Kainyuar, Chaundkot.  They planned that after the marriage of sister of Ajab Ram they would attack on Ghamand Singh. Three Negi leaders of Shrinagar were also with that party for diminishing Ghamand Singh.
                          Letter from Goldars
   Goldar sent letter to Minyan Ghamand Singh that he was regularly paying salaries to his army but did not pay salaries to armed forces but not paying salaries for other Goldars. Goldar threatened Ghamand Singh that if he did not pay their salaries they would attack on Shrinagar.
   Ghamand Singh showed the letter to Ministers and the King in Shrinagar. The ministers 9infact they were with Goldar in conspiracy) told that the army under Dhannu Gaddi was Garhwal army in Kumaon. Ministers suggested Ghamand Singh to pay salary of force under Gaddi. There was no enough money in the treasury. He could not send payment to Dhannu Gaddi.
  Goldar send threatening letter again to Minyan Ghamand Singh.

                             Attack on Shrinagar
             Now, goldar were not in waiting mood. Goldar marched towards Shrinagar with Sovan Singh Negi (a messenger of Ghamand Singh who brought letter of Ghamand Singh). Ajab Rram attacked on Shrinagar. Most of ministers went in the camp of Ajab Ram.   
 Ghamand Singh freed Shrivilas Nautiyal, Bhava Nand Nautiyal, Dhaniram Dobhal and Devi Datt. Ghamand Singh told them that he was going forward to defuse the rebel (Goldar and ministers) and asked Nautiyals to protect Shrinagar.
    Armies of Ajab Ram, Vijaya Ram,  Dhannu Gaddi , Kewal gaddi surrounded the army of Ghamand Singh from all sides. The battle started between them.
  Then a commander Ummed Singh came to Goldar with request to stop war and come to Shrinagar to administrate. Maularam wrote that he offered gold coins to them.
                   Court Poet Maularam Protecting Shrivilas Nautiyal and Party
 The rumor spread that Goldar forces captured Shrinagar and now the force would kill Ghamand Singh.
   In night, Shrivilas Nautiyal, Devi Datt and Dhaniram Dobhal went to Maularam for getting protection from Goldar leaders (as in past, ministers and Goldar wanted to kill Nautiyal and Dobhal party and Ghamand Singh protected them due to his vow).  
    Maularam sent a letter to Ajab Ram to allow him to get asylum to Shrivilas, Devi Datt and Dhaniram. Maularam informed that Nautiyal party would help to Ajab Ram party.
   Ajab Ram came to Shrinagar. Ghamand Singh was in Ulfata with his army. Baliya and Kewal Ram had force at Ojhabag. Lachman was at Damki just opposite of Ghamand Singh’s force. Vijay Ram had camp at Harbans Haveli, Dhannu Gaddi was managing force at Ganga bank and Ajab Ram was at Chaunri (terrace). There was gun firing from all sides on the army of Ghamand Singh. In night, Ghamand Singh ran away from Shrinagar. Goldars followed Ghamand Singh and Ghamand Singh ran to plains away from Garhwal territory. A commander Kedar Singh from the force of Doon also ran to plains away from Garhwal.
   Maularam reached to the king in night with Shrivilas Nautiyal and party. The King was pleased to see Nautiyal party alive.
  Next day, the King Jai Kirti Shah invited all Goldars in the court and pardoned all Goldars. He asked them to administrate well. There was peace for some time after fall of Ghamand Singh.
   Jai Kirti Shah appointed Ummed Singh as Faujdar (Governor) of Doon valley.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com31/8/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -418
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period  History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district to be continued