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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, September 8, 2013

The Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World जु कविता गढ़वाली कवितौं माँ यथार्थ लैन

 The Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World 


                          आलेख - भीष्म कुकरेती 

 कविता , कला या साहित्य मा जब  चरित्र अपण समाज का  प्रतिनिधित्व अर  लग  यु चरित्र या विषय विल्कुल ही ईं दुन्या क च त वै साहित्य तैं यथार्थ साहित्य बुल्दन। 
यथार्थवादी साहित्य मा  आदिम  आदिमक असली  निभांद।  

   जया नन्द खुकसाल 'बौऴया' (उण्यू , पत्ती असवालस्यूं, 1926  )   न भि गढ़वाली कवितौं माँ यथार्थ लैन
 
                            इलमतु दादा 
कवि -जया नंद खुकसाल 'बौऴया'

हैळ लगांदा बुखणा बुखांदा,
इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा। 
कुरता चिरीऊँ ट्वप फट्यूं च ,
क्वाटा बौंळो   सफाचट नी चा।  
घुंड मा सुलार तैको फट्यूं चा;
झपड़म झपड़म हिटणा लग्युं चा। 
रकर्याट कैकि पुंगडौ म आंदा ,
इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा। 
बळद भि वैका  ठडगैळ छीना ,
ढमणा दुयुं  बैठयांऊ छिना। 
रंगू काळा कबरीणा छिना , 
दांत भि ऊंका निखुऴयाउ छिना। 
 ठेलि ठेलि बि अगनै नि जाँदा ,
 इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा।
हौळो कु वैकु हथनड़ु ,नी चा ,
निसुड़ा का मुख ऊनि ख्वंड्यू च।  
यक सिंग्या ढांगो झिल्लो जुत्युं चा 
जिमदार कना को क्वी ढंग नी चा 

को छौ घसेर्यो  सूणि लियां 
घुतडु  ब्वे मा  इन बोलि दियां। 
पल्य ख्वाळ जैकि छांच मांगी लयां , 
मी खुणि जरा सि छंच्या पकैयां।  
ढया मा खड़ु ह्वै धाद लागांदा
 इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा।

 

               Ilmatu dada: The Poetries of Realism and depicting Contemporary Society

 

(Notes on The Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Uttarakhandi Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Central Himalyan Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; Himalayan Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;  North Indian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Indian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Indian subcontinent Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; SAARC countries Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; South Asian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; Oriental Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World)

                      Famous Garhwali stage playwright and thinker Rajendra Dhashmana rightly states that before fifties, Garhwali poets were used to write poems about teaching, preaching , messages or before fifties , most of the Garhwali poems were of idealistic nature. Those early modern poets of Garhwali language wre right to create preaching or message related verses because when education was a luxury, it was customary that educated literature creators provide suggestions to the readers and people for developing themselves. After fifty , Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Kankal came in the poetic field for showing little bit of realism to the Garhwali poetry. However, in true sense, credit goes to Kanhya Lal Dandriyal, Jaya Nand Khukhsal Baulya and Lalit Keshwan for creating realistic poems in Garhwali language. Khukshal also tried to create a couple of poetries es in new formats inspiring others to break the path of conventional styles and forms.
The twenty poems of Ilmatu dada is an example of transit period of idealistic wisdom and realistic wisdom in poetry. There are poems based on lyrical style and new format poems too . Most of the poems of this volume, Baulya shows the readers the life of Garhwal and migrated ones as it is and don’t hesitate showing pain of migrated Garhwalis as well of inhabitants of Garhwal as in Chhabis January or Kantrol verse.
Khukhsal tried to represent direct , unmediated experiences and shuns artifice or theatrical returns in his many poems.
Most poems of Ilmatu dada, which, are of realistic nature, highlights the experiences of common men and deal with the day to day struggle life of common Garhwalis be them in Garhwal or out of Garhwal.
In poems as Jogmaya, Ghutudu ki Bwai, chitthi , Jaya nand Khuksal has been successful for describing the contemporary life of his age.
The saying of William Dean Howell fits with the realistic poems of Jaya Nand Khuksal when William Dean said, "Realism is nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material."
As crtics appreciate Henry Adams, Horatio Alger, Frank Baum, Edward Bellamy, Kate Chopin, for initiating realism in Americaln literature, renowned garhwali language critic Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal praises for Khuksal bringing ‘Yathat’ (realism) in Garhwali poetry.
Struggle of common men is the main theme of Khuksal in most of his poems and that is his main characteristic w, which makes him different than his predecessors.
However, Khuksal was apoet of transit period, that is why many of his poems in this volume are of old wisdom too as Vandana, Janm Bhumi,
There is hidden satire and humour in many of poems of Jaya Nand Khuksal .
Though, Jaya Nand Khuksal created most of his poetry in old conventional forms but this volume is also a witness that he came with creating new styled poems too. The language is simple and full of dialects of Aswalsyun, Pauri Garhwal.
As critics remember Heinrich Heine, Garhwali critics appreciate the works of Jaya NandKhuksal in bringing realism in Garhwali poetry. There is significance of poetry collection Ilmatu dada for realism and contemporary life of Garhwal in Garhwali poem .
Ilmatu Dada
Poet: Jaya Nand Khuksal (poems from 1950 to 1988)
Year of Publication:1988
Publisher: Aurunoday Prakashan, Delhi

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2010
Notes on The Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Uttarakhandi Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Central Himalyan Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; Himalayan Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;  North Indian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Indian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;Indian subcontinent Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; SAARC countries Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; South Asian Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World; Oriental Regional language Poems Brought Realism in Garhwali Poetry World;