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Monday, September 23, 2013

Heirs of Thorchandra: The Chand d Kings of Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Meddle age period

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 151

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                      Heirs of Thorchandra
 The ‘B’ list of Chand dynasty kings show that Thorchandra expired in 1233. The crowning date of his uncle Gyanchandra is 1367 AD as per inscriptions. That means there were 6 or 7 Chand kings between Thorchandra and Gyanchandra.  Dr Dabral provides following names by logical means.
                       Kalyanchandra (1233-1251)
           Nothing is known about Kalyanchandra barring the lists supplied by Chand people to British commissioner of Kumaon commissionaire   (Kumaon and British Garhwal). It seems Kalyanchandra was hell busy in improving Mal region (Bhabhar of Kumaon).

                               Triloki Chandra (1251-1285)
 Trilokichandra extended his rule in west up to certain part of Chhakhata.  Trilokichandra built a fort in Bhimtal (Nainital District) to protect western boundary. The fort was built to protect from rulers of Pali, Baramandal and Kathi.
The Chand kingdom at the time of Triloki Chandra was limited to Mal region only.


                      Narchandra or Damar Chandra (1285-1321AD)
  The inscriptions state that Narchandra the heir of Trilokichandra ruled from 1285-1321 AD. The ‘a’ list states Damar Chandra as heir of Trilikichandra. The ruling period of Trilokichandra in ‘A’ list is 1303-1321. That means Damar Chandra and Triloki Chandra is same person.
 The inscriptions of Narchandra were found in small temples of Chhanaya village and Gangnau village. It is sure that Narchandra was strong king and he extended Chand kingdom and recaptured Talla desh l region.
                                 Jay Chandra (1321-1337)
      
 The inscription of Jaycahandra or Jay Chandra of dated 1329 was found in a ruined temple in Baijnath.  There is mention of jay Chandra in lists provided by Chanda king people to Britishers.

                    Abhaya Chandra or Abhvind Chandra (1337-1367)

 In 1361, Abhayachandra or Abhaya Chandra captured Champawat Kot or fort from Raut Raja in 1361 and built a Vijaystambh or Winning Column.
 Abhaya Chandra captured Champawat fort. However, Dhyani Rau, Chaubhainsi, north of Champawat regions were under Raut Raja till 1410.
 It seems Abhaya Chandra did not have any son.
Gyanchandra was crowned after death of Abhaya Chandra


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 24/9/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -152
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx xxx
Notes on Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Doti, Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Pithoragarh Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Champawat Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Bageshwar, Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Almora, Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Nainital, Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, Himalaya; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, North India ; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, India ; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, SAARC Countries region; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, South Asia ; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Kumaon, Oriental Continent; Medieval/Middle age History of Chhakhata,  Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Bhimtal, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Nal Damaynanti Tal, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Sattal, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Hidamba Parvat, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Mal region, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Pali region, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Kathi region, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Chhanaya village, Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Gangnau village Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Dhyani Rau Kumaon, Asia; Medieval/Middle age History of Chaubhainsi Kumaon, Asia;