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Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Katyuri were most Popular Indian Medieval, Himalayan Medieval, and Kumaoni Middle Age Kings

 Popularity of Katyuri Kings in Indian Medieval, Himalayan Medieval, and Kumaoni Middle Age Period

   (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 145


                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                                      War with Tillu Rauteli
  The Garhwali folklore state that the heirs of Veerdev Katyuri of Bhikiyasain, or Pali Pachaun used to flanked and loot in eastern Garhwal. The Gdhpati of est Garhwal also used to lot in western Kumaon. Bindua Kaintura attacked or flanked on Chandkot. Two brothers –Bhagat and Partwa of Gurad village of Chaundkot fought with bravery with Vidva Kaintura. Vidua Kaintura had to flee. There were forty two (42) injuries on bodies of Bhagt and Partwa. The chieftains of Chandkot rewarded forty two villages to brave Bhagat and Partwa.
  Tillu Rauteli killed Vidua Kaintura in Takoli at Kanda festival time. There were battles between Kainturas (Katyuri chieftains) and Tillu Rauteli the daughter of Garhwal region. The battles took place in Sarainkhet and Khairagarh. Jeetu Kaintura was killed. Deceptively, Tillu Rauteli and her aid Shiv Pokhariyal were killed by Kainturas. Such battles were common in those times.


Popularity of Katyuri Kings in Indian Medieval, Himalayan Medieval, and Kumaoni Middle Age Period
  The Katyuri kings of Kumaoni (Himalayan, Indian) middle age were very popular.  
                    In fourteenth century, different Katyuri families were ruling independently in Doti (today’s Nepal), Askot ,Pali  Pachaun and in different smaller regions. The folklores describe the Katyuri Thakurai (rule of chieftains) of Bairat, Lakhanpur, Ranchulihat, and Khimsarihat. There are tens of folklores available tilld ate in Doti-Nepal, Kumaon and Garhwal. Many Rajput families perform Ghadyal religious rituals of Kaintura (Katyur) in all the regions of old Uttarakhand. Dhamdev is family deity of many castes. Mostly, the folklores show Katyuri-Chand battles and in all the stories Katyuri king or chieftain wins.
  The folklores describe Katyuri kings as wealthy, industrious, prosperous, brave and unwinnable kings or chieftains. However, the same folklores describe Chand kings as cruel, angry, transgressing, improper conduct kings and cowered who run away from battles.
           The post Kartikeyapur Katyuri kings were having less resource but were people oriented and used to shelter to scholars, Brahmins, brave, craftsmen, and army men. Due to providing shelters to army men of different regions, Katyuri got set back as those army men establish their own rules too.

            The Katyuri kings and their elites built many temples, Dharmashala, or repair them. The Katyuri kings facilitated basic facilities to religious tourists of Uttarakhand.  Though, there was uncertainty in plains from Muslim kings and invaders and there was fear from Tibetan army or looters, the pilgrims used to visit Uttarakhand in mass because safety I Uttarakhand.  Piligrims used to visit Uttarakhand from Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Pilibhit (Ruhelkhand, ) , Bijnor, Haridwar and Saharanpur.
         The post Kartikeyapur (Joshimath) Katyuri kings built famous temples as Baijnath, Dwarhat, Bageshwar, Jageshwar, Kattarmall, Rameshwar etc.
              The sculptures of Shiv, Lakshmi, devi, Vishnu, Durga, Garud, hanuman, Surya, Ganga Jamuna, show that the Katyuri kings were secular. The Buddhists and Jain were also safe in Katyuri kingdom. The Buddhists and Jain built their worshipping temples in Uttarakhand in Katyuri rule without any resistance.
 Purushottam Singh was Buddhist and he built Gandhkuti in Bodhagya.
            Shiv worshipping among people was more common than other deity worshipping. Nath sect was also common in this period (1000-1490). Satynath sect of Nathapanth helped Panwar kingdom in Garhwal and Chand Kings in Kumaon.
  The Katyuri kings were tolerant to various religious faiths.
 Many Kumaoni, Garhwali and Nepali families have their family deities of brave soldiers of Katyuri kings.
            The Katyuri kings were the popular most kings in the history of western Nepal (Doti), Kumaon, Garhwal and Haridwar.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 17/9/2013
References-
Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -146
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)

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