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Monday, September 9, 2013

Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Arjun Dev Katyuri and His Successors

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 138

      Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 22

           
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (1236-1600 AD)

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti
        
                   Maharaja Arjun Dev Katyuri (1290-1316) and his Successors  
  

               There is one inscription of 1307 of Arjun Dev is available. The said inscription suggests that Maharaja Arjun Dev ruled from 1290-1316 AD.
  The regional Khasa chieftain of Danpur became very powerful and Arjun Dev had to establish his capital in Dwarhat.
  Raja Sudhardev built a temple in Dwarhat in 1236.
 Raja Mandev Katyuri built temple in Dwarhat in 1337.
Raja Somdev Katyuri built temples in Dwarhat in 1348 and 1354.
Raja Nirnaypal Katyuri built temple in Syunara.
              There are inscriptions of regional kings of Gangoli (under Katyuri super rule) Raja Lingraj Dev, raja Hammerdev and queen Dharldei . The inscriptions of Hammerdev are of 1352 and 1365.
        
               Weakening Katyuri kingdom

 This period (1300-1400) saw weakening of Dwarhat Katyuri super rule over Danpur, Gangoli and Baramandal. The regional chieftains under Katyuri kings of Dwarhat became Kings themselves. Though, nominally, these regional chiefs were under Katyuri super rule.

              The Ruins of Dwarhat

 There are historical ruins available in Dwarhat, Dera.
The temples of Gujar Deval, Ratan deval, Kacheri, Mrityunjay, Kutumbudi, Bandeval, Badrinath, Maniyan of this region are said to be of twelfth and fourteenth centuries. There are water reservoirs (Naule) of this period in Dwarhat region. The Islamic attackers destroyed many temples and deity sculptures too. There are sculptures of Lakshmi, Ganga, Jamuna, Das Avtar of Vishnu, Shiv-Parvati, Shiv Ling, Sheshyasai Vishnu deities and goddesses.

                          List of Katyuri Kings and Regional chieftains (Mandalik) from 1275-1562

                        Baijnath Doti Katyuri Kingdom
Names----------------------------------------------Approximate Ruling Period
Mharaja Niranjan dev ----------------------------- 1275-1300
Rajwar Abhaypal of Askot -------------------------1279-?
Rainka Dhir malla of Seera-------------------------- 1279-?
Raja Gurjar Dev of Dwarhat -------------------------1250-1290 (Inscription of 1257)
                      Baijnath-Dwarhat Katyuri Kingdom
 Maharaja Arjun Dev -----------------------------------1290-1310 (inscription of 1307)
Maharaja Sudhardev ----------------------- 1310-1337 (inscription of 1316)
Maharaja Mandev --------------------------1337-1348 (inscription of 1337)
Maharaja Somdev------------------------------1348-1368 (inscription of1348/57)
(mandlik) Raja Ramchandra Dev of Gangoli ------------1264-1284 (inscription of 1264)
Two anonymous n kings
Raja Lingrajdev  of Gangoli -------------------------------------1337-1350
Raja Hmammerdev of gangoli ----------------------------------1350-1370 (inscription of 1352/65)
Rani Dharaldei of Gangoli
Khasiya Rule -----------------------------------------------------1370-1420
Manikoti Chand --------------------------------------------------1340-?(inscription of 348)
Raja Niraypal dev of Khagmara ---------------------------------1340-?(inscription of 1348)
Raja Arjun Dev of Syunara -------------------------------------1300-? (Inscription of 1307)
Raja vir Singh dev of Vishaud -----------------------------------1300-?
There are no inscriptions available of Katyuri rulers after 1360. The Katyuris became regional chieftains after 1360.

                    Emergence of Khasa Rule (1370-1420)

          Around 1370, a Khasa Gadhpati captured region from aregional chieftain of Dwarhat Baijnath Katyuri.
In 1420, a Chandra vansi  king of Manikoti snatched the Gangoli regiona from Khasa king.
15 Khasa rulers ruled over Danpur from 1360-1560. There are names of Khasa chieftains –Kadadu and Parsi in inscriptions. Folklores illustrate the Khasa rulers as Kali, Gangu, Bagha, anandu, and their five brothers. Though weak but there was Katyuri rules over Baijnath, Visaud, Syunara, Lakhanpur, Pali Dwarhat.  Chanda King Kirati Chandra won the Visaud, Syunara, Lakhanpur, Pali Dwarhat Kingdoms in fifteenth century and Rudra Chandra captured Baijnath in sixteenth century.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 9/9/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -139
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)

Notes on Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings of Doti Nepal; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings of Sui; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings of Seera; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Danpur; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Dwarhat; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Askot; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Gangoli; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Khagmara; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Syunara; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Visuad; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Manasbhumi (Kumaon); Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Baijnath; Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Kings and regional chieftains of Lakhanpur