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Sunday, September 29, 2013

Dhyanchandra /Dhyan Chand or Udyanchandra: The Chand King that extended Chand Kingdom

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 156

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                  King Dhyanchand/Dhyan Chandra (Udyan Chandra) (1420-1422 AD)

                  The Bhartichandra inscription (144) states that Dhyanchandra (whose name is Udyan Chandra in lists) ruled Champawat after demise of his father Gyan Chandra.
                   Dhyan Chandra performed repent rituals (Hantya) for those people who were harassed or killed by his father Gyan Chandra.
                   Dhyan Chandra did not take any tax from the subject for one year. Chand king Dhyan Chandra used to offer help to needy ones.
                           Dhyan Chandra repaired the Baleshwar Shiv temple and invited a Gujrati Brahman Sukhdev the son of Shri Chandra Tewadi for establishing the daily rituals. Shri Cahnd Tewadi felt it as insult and he migrated to Baramandal.

                               Extension of Chand Kingdom by Dhyan Chandra
    
        Dhyan Chandra won the territories from Padyar ruler of Chaugrakha ; ruler of Mahrudi and ruler of Bisaud adjacent to Champawat.

         In the time of Dhyan Chandra, Manikoti was ruler of Gangoli and Doti king was ruler of Seera, Sora, Askot, Johar and Darma. Vyas and Chaudas territories were under ruler of Jumal. Syunara and Lakhanpur were separately ruled by Katyuri rulers.Khati or Kathi was the ruler of Faldakot. Khasiya king was ruler of Ramgad and Kota.
 The Chand kingdom was in between of Kali River to Kosi and Suwal Rivers.
 Ram Datt Jyotirvid writes that a Katyuri ruler married his daughter with Dhyan Chandra. However, there is not historical record to support the statement. It is stated by Ramdatt that Katyuri ruler offered ‘ De,Assi, Chalsi and Ragod regions as dowry to Dhyan Chandra.

Dhyan Chandra could not complete the repair of Baleshwar Shiv temple and expired in 1422.

           Harish Chandra (1422-1423)

                 After death of Dhyan Chandra, his younger son Harish Chandra took over the rule but he also expired in 1423. Dhyan Chandra had elder son Dharma Chandra but Dharma Chandra did not get the kingdom. There is inscription of Dharma Chandra (1429 or 1419?)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 25/9/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -157
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx xxx
History of Chand Kings of Champawat, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Chand Kings of Chaugarkha, Champawat, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Chand Kings of Mahrudi, Champawat, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Chand Kings of  Bisaud, Champawat, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Doti Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Seera,  Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Sota, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Askot, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Johar, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Darma, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Vyas, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Chaudas, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Jumal, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Syunara, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Lakhanpaur, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Faldakot, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Ramgad, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Kota, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Baleshwar region, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  De region, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Assi region, Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of  Chalsi region Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age; History of Rangod region Kumaon of Himalayan, Indian Middle Age…