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Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola: The Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry

Critical History and Characteristics of Garhwali Poetry –Part 4

                               Garhwali Poetry from 1750-1925
                
                                        Bhishma Kukreti

                  Initial Developing Phase of Modern Garhwali Poetry (1900-1925)



          Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola is one of the initial poets of Garhwali (Himalayan) language. His initiation in Garhwali poetry creation is commended by all.
            The greatness of Himalaya, Himalayan way of life and Garhwali Folk songs has complete influence on the poetries of Harikrishna Rudola (1855-1892).

  Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola was born in Shrinagar, Garhwal of Himalaya region in 1855. Rudola was Sanskrit teacher and taught in the schools of Tihri and Srinagar (Garhwal -Himalaya). Rudola also taught students privately after his retirement. Rudolawas Karmkandi Brahmin too and this profession provided him chance to understand the difference between the social structures in British Garhwal and Tehri Riyasat (a small Himalayan kingdom) and this social knowledge helped Harikrishna for creating poetries of social values.

               Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola created literature in Sanskrit and his three books in Sanskrit were praised by professor Maxmullar.

       Harikrishna is one the poets of Garhwali language who initiated to write in Garhwali, published them and at the same time popularize the modern Garhwali poetries among educated Garhwalis and students. All his Garhwali poems are published in ‘Garhwali Kavitavali’ a collection of Garhwali poetries by many poets.
हरिकृष्ण दौर्गादत्ति रुडोला की गढ़वाली कविताएँ (1855 -1892 )
     -----  श्री गंगा पंचक --
तुम्हारी धारा अचल महिमा जो जगत मा
बणी छ श्री गंगे ! प्रकटित छ वा शैव मत मा
सदा शिवजी जैंका नित रहित तैं आप बस मा
नि छोड़्दा जैंकू तैं मगन मन से भक्ति रस मा।.
………………….
पिता माता भ्राता तुई शरणि भागीरथी बणी
कुई हो कन्न हो मईंत नि समझदो कई सणी 
--------------चेतावनी ------------------
आलो भायुं ! क्या छ कख तईं पड्यु सेण घर मा
विदेस्युं न देखा ! कनि कनि करयाले जगत मा
करा प्यारों अब त जतन कुछ अपणा विषय मा
न खोवा हे चुच्चों १ निज दिन अमोल मुफ्त मा ।


The monthly magazine Garhwali published his poems on the following dates –
Shri Ganga Panchak --------------June 1906
Chetwani -------------------------------June 1906
Prarthana -----------------------------------July 1906
Shiksha ---------------------------------------July 1906
            The poetries of Rudola are sophisticated, religious tone, having inspirational subjects, with Garhwali symbols and imagery and have lyrical influences of Garhwali folk songs 
 Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola expired in 1892 in Shrinagar, Garhwal Himalaya.


Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2013
The Critical History and Characteristics of Garhwali Poetry to be continued -–Part 5
Notes on the Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, having inspirational subjects; Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, having inspirational subjects from Garhwal; Uttarakhandi Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; Central Himalayan Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; Himalayan Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; North Indian Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; Indian Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; SAARC countries Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; South Asian Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects; Oriental Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry having religious tone, inspirational subjects