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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, September 29, 2013

Classification or types of Garhwali Folk Plays/Traditional Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals and Traditional Plays part -3

                                        Bhishma Kukreti

           Due to tens of folk plays, it is difficult to reach a classification of folk plays/traditional dramas that satisfies every folk literature experts.
            There are many bases for classifying the types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas.
             Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas could be divided though poetic structure
1-Poetic Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
2-Non Poetic Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
3- Prose-Poetic Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
 Learned folk literature scholar Dr. Data Ram Purohit classified the types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas as follows –
1-Pandav Lila Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
2-Bagdwali Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
3-Jat yatrayen or pilgrim tour Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
4-Mask Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas at specific occasions
5-Swang and games
6-Chivlary Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas by professional class
7-Radhakhandi Ras Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
8-Rituals Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
However, the above classification is incomplete

 Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas could also be divided as folk songs –dances divided by Rajasthan folk literature expert Devi Lal Samar
1-For self pleasure Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
2-Ritualistic or religious Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
3-Work oriented Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
4-Social Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
5-Entertaining Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas

  Classification /types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas by Bhishma Kukreti


   In the opinion of this author, Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas could be divided through following ways-
1-Religious Rituals, folk drams in festivals and special occasions including folk song-dance oriented Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
2-Non religious Folk Songs –dances oriented Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas
3- Non religious and non folk song-dance Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas performed by professional performers as Badi/Hudkya
4-Non religious, non folk dance-song oriented Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas performed by society members alone or in groups.
5-Specific Garhwali Folk Game oriented folk plays/traditional dramas
6-Misclenious Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas those do not come under above divisions

In the following chapters this author will discuss various types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas.



Copyright @ Bhishma Kukretibckukreti@gmail.com 29/9/2013
Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals and Traditional Plays part to be continued…4

                    References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folklife 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen  

Notes on Classification or types of Garhwali Folk plays/Traditional Dramas; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Chamoli Garhwal; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Pauri Garhwal ; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Tehri Garhwal; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Dehradun Garhwal; Classification or types of Garhwali folk plays/traditional dramas from Haridwar Garhwal;