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Sunday, September 22, 2013

Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Kumaon Lists provided by Chand People

 (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 149

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti
 The lists provided by Chand people or their own servants to British administration are on false ground and not on logical grounds.

             Misconceptions for Somchand to Veenchand the Chand Dynasty Kings of Kumaon
 The list of kings from Somchand to Veenchand is false. It is said that Katyuri king donated land to Somchand (700-721) as son in law. However, there was not rule of Katyuri before 740AD.
The name Hammeer for a 7th Chand king (769-786 or 833-856) for the list for a mountainous king is also absurd because Hammeer name became popular in India only when in 1193, Muhammad Gauri carved Hammer name on his coins.  Kashmiri historian used Hammer in his book (1150).

             Misconceptions for Virchand to Parvatchand the Chand Dynasty Kings of Kumaon
 There are no logical evidences for the kings list from Virchand to Parvatchand the Chand kings of Kumaon.

 Chand Dynasty kings List from Inscriptions
 The study of inscriptions provide the following Chand Dynasty Kings of Kumaon-
                              Vinaychandra Family

SN----Name ---------------Base Inscription----------Approximate Rule Period by A &B—Atkinson’s view  
A & B =lists by B and A lists
1-Vinaychandra-----------------------1223 -------------------------1223-1226
2-Baghchandra (Vadyachandra)------1223-------------------------------1223-1233
3-Thorchandra--------------------------1226-1233------------------------1226-1233----------1361
4-Kalyanchandra----------------------1233-51----------------------------1233-1251
5-Trilokchandra---------------------------------------------------------------1251-1285
6-Nar (Damar)Chandra----------------1285/97/1321----------------------1285-1321
7-Jaychandra---------------------------1329------------------------------------1321-1337
8-Abhay (Abhvindra)Chandra------------1337-1367

                            Gyanchandra Family
SN----Name --------------------Base Inscription----------Approximate Rule Period—Atkinson’s view  
9-Gyanchandra(1st)--------------1367-1420-----------------1367—1420----------1374-1419
-Hariharchandra-------------------------1397 as prince----------------------------1419-1520
Bharatchandra---------------------------1382/97 as prince
10-Dhyan(Udyan) Chandra)------------1444------------------1420-142---------------1420-21
11-Harishchandra-------------------------1444--------------------1422-1423-------------1422-1423
 12-Vikramchandra--------------------1423/24/33/34-----------1423-1434------------1423-1437
Dharamchandra-----------------------as prince 1429?---------------------
  13-  Kali Kalyanchandra-----------------1433/68-----------------1434-1468-----------------------1542-1551

                      Bhartichandra Family
SN----Name -----------Base Inscription----------Approximate Rule Period—Atkinson’s view

14-Bhartichandra------------144-99----------1444-1455----------------------------1437-1450
Dhanyachandra -------------as prince 1455
15-Ratanchandra---------------1445-68-------------1455—68-------------------1450-1488
Harishchandra--------------prince 1461
Pratapchandra---------------prince-1461
16-Kiratichandra----------------1500-1505------------1499-1506-------------1488-1503
17-Pratapchandra-------------1510----------------------1506-1511-------------1503-1517
18-Bhishma (Vishnu) Chandra-------1511-1533-------1511-1559---------------1555-1560
19-Balo Kalaynchandra--------------1559-----------------1559-1565----------------1560-1565
20-Rudrachandra-------------------1565-1597------------1565-97----------------1565-97
21-Lakshmanchandra (lakshmi) ----1602,16------------1597-1621---------------1597-1621
22-Dilipchandra------------------------------------------------1621-24-------------------1621-24
23-Vijaychandra---------------1625----------------------------1624-25------------------1624-25
24-Trimallchandra----------------1616/18/30----------------1625-38---------------1625-38

              Bajbahadurchandra Family
25-Bajbahadurchandra-------------1640-75-----------------------1638-78---------------1638-78
26-Udyotchandra-------------------1678-91---------------------------1678-98------------1678-98
27-GyanchandraII----------------------1701/03-----------------------------1698-1708-------1698-1708
28-Jagatchandra --------------------1710-1718----------------------1708-20-------------------1708-20
29-Devichandra------------------------1722-26------------------------------1720-27--------------1720-1726
30-Ajitchandra-------------------------------1729-----------------------------1727-29--------------1726-29
31-Balo Kalyanchandra----------------------------------------------------------1729---------------------1729
32-Doti Kalayanchandra--------------------------1731-46----------------------1730-48------------1730-47
33-Deepchandra----------------------------1749-74--------------------------1748-77----------------1748-77
34-Mohanchandra first time---------------1777/78-------------------------1777-79----------------1777-79
35Pradyumnshah (Garhwali)-------------1781-1784----------------1779-86--------------------------1779-86
Mohanchandra second time------------1786-88---------------------1786-88---------------------------1786-88
36-Shivchandra---------------------------------------------------------------1788-------------------------------1788
37-Maheshchandra-------------------------------1789--------------------1788-90---------------------1788-90


The last word on names of Chanda dynasty king is Chandra.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 22/9/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -150
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx xxx
Notes on Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Pithoragarh, Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Champawat, Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan , Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Nainital Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Almora, Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Bageshwar  Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period; Misconceptions and Falseness about Chand Dynasty Kings of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon of Medieval Himalayan ,  Indian Period;