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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

History of Cruel Acts of Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active

 (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 220

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

         Donations by Mohan Chandra

 Mohan Chandra donated land for following temples
Land for Jageshwar temple
Another land for Jageshwar temple
Land for Seetladevi temple
To Radhapati Bhandari
To Hussainbaksh family
Land for Patalbhuvneshwari , Gangoli
 1778
Land to Nagnath temple Champawat
Land for Kapileshwar temple Dug
Land for Kalika temple, Gangoli
Land for Bhatneshwar temple

      Killing of Opponents by Mohan Chandra
              According to Pande, a few elites from Kumaon brought Kunvar Jodh Singh Katehar (son in law of late King Deep Chand) of Amarpur with his son Shubhkarn Singh. However, advised by Mohan Chandra, Nand Ram did not help Kunvar Jodh Singh Katehar and Jodh Singh returned back to Amarpur.
            B.D. Pande also writes that another group from Kumaon inspired Shekh and they attacked on Kumaon through Vanani Devi. Army of Mohan Chandra defeated those Shekh soldiers in a hill Gadhi above Vakh.
    Mohan Chandra killed or put the supporters and relatives of Shiv Datt Joshi. Lakshmipati Joshi the assistant of Harsh Dev Joshi was coming to pay tribute to court of new King Mohan Chand.  Laksmi Pati Joshi was hanged on a cedar tree near Almora. Many Joshi families fled from Kumaon to other parts of plains. Harsh Dev Joshi fled to Bareli from Kumaon prison. Jaya Nand Joshi with other Joshis also ran to Bareli.

          Joshis getting Active in Bareli

          Joshi families were gathered in Bareli. They did not have any work for earning. They came to know that army of Garhwal King Lalit Shah was defeated by Sirmaur (Himachal) army in Sirmaur.
   Joshi made a strategy to involve Garhwal King into internal politics of Kumaon.
           Harsh Dev Joshi wrote letter to Garhwal King Lalit Shah,” We are capable to win Champawat (Kumaon Kingdom) and Sirmaur Kingdom for you. Since, you did not involve the ministers and citizens of Sirmaur for your attack, you could not win Sirmaur.
  We all Joshi are now in Bareli. After winning Kumaon, we shall win Nahan (Sirmaur) for you. Your three sons would be King of Garhwal, Kumaon and Nahan (Sirmaur) respectively.
          Lalit Shah forgot the history of past about Joshi inviting his grandfather Pradip Shah to attack on Kumaon and a bitter insult for Pradip Shah.

   Lalit Shah wrote back to Harsh Dev Joshi to visit Shrinagar immediately.



** Read more on Garhwal King attacking on Kumaon Kingdom in next chapter of History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 221

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 18/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -221  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
History of Cruel Acts of Pithoragarh -Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Seera -Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Almora-Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Bageshwar -Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Gangoli-Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Jageshwar-Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Vananidevi -Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Nainital-Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active; History of Cruel Acts of Dwarhat -Kumaon King Mohan Chandra and Harsh Dev Joshi becoming Active;