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Thursday, December 19, 2013

Garhwal Army attacking on Kumaon Kingdom in Mohan Chandra period

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 221

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

  Harsh Dev Joshi inviting Garhwal Kingdom for attacking Kumaon

 The ex- administrators Joshis of Kumaon were gathered in Bareli after Mohan Chandra became King.
 Harsh Dev Joshi wrote letter to Garhwal King Lalit Shah to attack on Kumaon.
Garhwal king accepted the advice of Harsh Dev Joshi and called him to visit Shrinagar.
    Harsh Dev Joshi wrote to Garhwal King that they are in debt. Garhwal king sent rupees twenty or twenty five thousand to Joshi. Joshis distributed that money among them.
    Garhwal King Lalit Shah had two queens. Jaykrit Shah was eldest son from elder queen. Doti princess was second queen of Lalit Shah. She had Pradyuman (13rteen year old) and Parakram (7 year old). Doti queen wished that her sons would become heir of Kingdom.
   Harsh Dev Joshi sent Jayanand Joshi and other Joshi to Shrinagar. Garhwal King welcomed Jaya Nand and other Joshi. Jaya Nand reached to court. Jaya Nand Joshi blessed the Garhwali King with wrong Sanskrit pronunciations.  
  Jaya Nand Joshi told to King that the king was lucky as the Kumaon ministers had come to Shrinagar.
Lalit Shah handed over thirteen year old prince and said that now, Pradyuman was Kumaon King. Jaya Nand accepted Pradyumnu as Kumaon King.

   It was decided that first Garhwal king would defeat Mohan Chandra and then Prince Pradyuman would be taken to Kumaon.
  Pradyuman was declared as adopted son of late King Deep Chandra. Pradyuman was coroneted as Kumaon King n Shrinagar.
    Joshis sent message to their supporters in Kumaon. Garhwal King sent money to supporters of Joshi. Those supporters of Joshi corrupted other Kumaon king administrators. Secretly, they became opponents of Mohan Chandra.
                       Battle
         Under the leadership of Prempati Khanduri and Dhannugadi, in 1779, Garhwali army along with Joshi reached in Kumaon though Lohaba path.  Ir was shock for Kumaon. Mohan Chandra sent his army to resist Garhwal army.
          There was battle between Kumaon army and Garhwal army in Bagbali Pokhar.
           Mohan Chandra sent another army under his brother Lal Singh. Harsh dev Joshi also reached to Almora.  Surprisingly, Harsh Dev Joshi was with Lal Singh.
   When Mohan Chandra heard that Garhwali army defeated Kumaon army and now, Kumaon army was supporting Garhwal King he fled to Lucknow (Awadh). From Awadh, Mohan Singh took shelter under Rampur ruler Faijullakhan. Lal Singh also fled to Rampur.
                      Rule of Joshis
          The subject and administrators became supporters of Joshis. With th help of Garhwal armed force, Joshi captured strategic position. Joshi took main administrative positions of Kumaon Kingdom.
  There was winning ceremony both in Shrinagar and Almora.
 Joshi ruled Almora in the name of King Pradyuman Shah. The Garhwal Kingdom commander Prempati Khanduri was with Joshis.
 Joshis and Khanduri sent letter to Garhwal King to send Pradyuman Shah to Almora for ruling over Kumaon Kingdom.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 18/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -222  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)