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Sunday, December 22, 2013

History of Jaya Nand Joshi in Shrinagar and Pradyuman Chandra entering into Kumaon

 (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
                     (History of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 224

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

               Jaya Nand Joshi reached with army near to Shrinagar. There, Jaya Nand Joshi got the information of his supporter Nitya Nand Khanduri was in prison by the order of Kripa Ram Dobhal. Kripa Ram Dobhal was supporter of Garhwal King Jaya Kirti Shah and not Doti queen (mother of Pradyuman and Parakram Shah). Now, Joshi was in danger as he sent his threatening letter to Shrinagar and had conspiracy with Nitya Nand Khanduri against Jaya Kirti Shah. However, Jaya Nand Joshi was wiser than fox. He made strategy to make profit from unfortunate days. Jaya Nand Joshi entered Shrinagar.
         Jaya Nand Joshi visited court of Jay Kirti Shah. Jaya Nand Joshi requested to Garhwal King that Garhwal king should send Pradyuman Chandra immediately to Almora as people are not paying tax without King.
  Jaya Nand Joshi also demanded payment for soldiers in Kumaon kingdom.
        Garhwal King Jaya Kirti Shah accepted sending Pradyuman Chandra to Kumaon but refused to pay payment for soldiers in Kumaon. Jaya Kirti Shah told that Kumaon king and administrators should collect tax and should arrange for payment to soldiers in Kumaon.
 In past, with the help of Nitya Nand Khanduri, Jaya Nand Joshi collected money from late Garhwal King Lalit Shah. But this time Joshi could not make fool of Jay Kirti Shah. It seems that Jaya Kirti Shah was ready to pay payment of Garhwal soldiers sent by Lalit Shah but did not agree to pay Kumaon soldiers.

                     Pradyuman Chandra in Kumaon

                 Garhwal King provided a horse as gift to Jaya Nand Joshi. Jaya Kirti Shah did graceful, diplomatic farewell party and paid gifts to Pradyuman Chandra. Pradyuman Chandra was accompanying   soldiers, a few court administrators and servants. People from all regions of Kumaon came to Almora. Pradyuman Chandra was officially declared Kumaon King there in 1780.
          Fourteen year old Pradyuman Chandra was Kumaon king for the sake of King. Pradyuman Chandra had palace for sleeping and food for living. In reality, Jaya Nand Joshi was the King. Jaya Nand Joshi was administrating the rule. There was no need to take order from Pradyuman Chandra by any administrators.
      Pradyuman Chandra could gauge the reality and he called his younger brother Parakram in Almora. Parakram was strong built man and ambitious too. Parakram came to Kumaon.
   Prempati Khanduri was guardian of teen age Pradyuman Chandra in Almora. People of Kumaon were frustrated by watching the conspiracy of Joshi and company. People well understood that Joshi Company was not real well wishers of Kumaon and they would never provide justice to anyone. Harsh dev Joshi, Jaya Nand Joshi and Gada Dhar Joshi were in commanding top positions. Jaya Nand Joshi and Gada Dhar Joshi were from Auliya village.
  Joshi brothers gifted lands to their relatives and supporters on behalf of their puppet Pradyuman Chandra. The following were receivers of government favors as per inscriptions of 1781, 1782, 1784 respectively - Krishna Nand Joshi, Beniram Upreti, Revadhar Joshi and Balkrishna Joshi.

                 Marriage of Pradyuman Chandra
  When Pradyuman reached to Kumaon he was fourteen and a couple of months old teen aged boy. After some time, Harsh Dev Joshi arranged his marriage with a daughter of Manral caste from Kumaon. Manral were related to Katyuri Kings. Historians called her as ‘Kumaoni Rani’ or ‘Kumaoni wali’ queen.  
      That Kumaoni queen delivered son in 1784. He was named s Sudarshan Shah. Sudarshan Shah became Tehri Riyasat King n 1815. 


            
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 22/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
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Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -225  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)