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Friday, December 13, 2013

History Aspects on Relationship of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand with Garhwal Kingdom

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)


History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 209

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                  Doti Kalyan Chandra came from a poor farmer family of Doti Kingdom. Doti Kalyan Chandra was totally inexperienced about politics. After becoming King, Doti Kalyan Chandra learnt all the political tricks. Doti Kalyan Chandra changed old advisers. There was not much difference between his diplomacy and diplomacy of his predecessors.

        Garhwal King helped Doti Kalyan Chandra at the time of Rohilas defeating Kumaon army. There were cordial relations of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chandra with Garhwal King Pradip Shah.
              In 1731, there was marriage of daughter of Doti Kalyan Chandra with Prince Tej Singh Katehriya. Pradip Shah sent his officer Bhujbal Singh as Garhwal Kingdom representative for attending marriage.
               In 1739, second daughter of Doti Kalyan Chandra was married to King of Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh). The marriage procession had to go and come through Dehradun. Garhwal King and Sirmaur King did not have cordial relation. Therefore, Kumaon army was with the marriage procession. There was no undesired event at the time of marriage procession.
   In 1739, Garhwal King Pradip Shah deputed his ambassadors or advocates Bandhu Mishra and Lakshmi Dhar Oza to Kumaon Kingdom capital with friendly gifts. Kumaon King also paid gifts for Garhwal King.
   Around 1739-40, Peshva ambassador and Rajsthan Kings ambassadors used to visit Kumaon.
In 1741, Jagat Singh the advocate or diplomat of Udyapur Kingdom reached to Kumaon. The foreign policy of Garhwal and Kumaon Kingdoms were on the same line.
 In 1741, the diplomats of Garhwal and Kumaon visited the King Jay Singh Sawai of Jaipu. Both the ambassadors handed over gifts from their respective Kings to Jaipur King.
              The Peshvas of Pune, Maharaja Sahu the King of Satara,Holkar King sent diplomats to Kumaon. These Kings wanted a confederation of Hindu Kings against Delhi Mogul Empire. Most probably, Kumaon and Garhwal Kings did not agree to fight against Delhi Mogul
                    Death of Doti Kalyan Chandra

   Doti Kalyan Chandra lost his eye sight at old age. People said to him that it is because that he ousted  eyes of Brahmins. Doti Kalyan Chandra called Shiv Datt Joshi from Mal. Doti Kalyan Chandra put his teen age son on the lap of Shiv Datt and asked religious vow from Shiv Datt Joshi that Shiv Datt Joshi would protect child age prince Deep Chandra. Shiv Datt Joshi took vow to protect immature prince Deep Chandra. In 1747, Doti Kalyan Chandra declared and crowned Prince Deep Chandra as King of Kumaon Kingdom. Shiv Datt Joshi was declared as guardian of immature King Deep Chandra. In early 1748, Doti Kalyan Chandra died.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 7/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
William Crooke, 1897, The North Western Provinces of India, page 116
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -209  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
Notes on History Aspects on Relationship of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand with Garhwal King, History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Mogul Empire; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Katehar Kingdom; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Sirmaur Kingdom; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Peshwas of Pune; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Satara Kingdom; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Holkar Kingdom; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Udaypur Kingdom; History of Diplomatic relationship of Kumaon King with Jaipur Kingdom;