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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, December 13, 2013

History of Deep Chandra: a Kumaoni King who repented religiously for His Father’s Sins

  (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 210

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

      Ruling period of Kumaon King Deep Chandra (Dip Chand)
Ruling Period – 1748-1777 AD
Inscriptions – 1749, every year from 1752-1760, every year from 1763-1774

                    Contemporary Kings of Kumaon King Deep Chandra
Garhwal Kingdom- Pradip Shah (1717-1772) and Lalit Shah (1772-1780)
Delhi Mogul Emperor – Ahmad Shah ( 1748-1754), Alamgir second (1754-1759) and Shah Alam (1759-1806)

                     Religious Repent on behalf of Father

              Doti Kalyan Chandra was famous for his sinful deeds.  Deep Chand the son of Doti Kalyan Chand performed many rituals for pacifying his father’s sins. His mentor Shiv Datt Joshi helped Deep Chandra in repented religious performances and acts.
 Doti Kalyan Chandra took loan in form of ornaments from Jageshwar temple. On behalf of Kingdom, Shiv Datt Joshi donated six villages to Jageshwar temple. Doti Kalyan Chandra grabbed the property of various Rautelas (relatives and family members of earlier Chand dynasty kings) . Shiv Datt Joshi returned properties to maximum of Rautelas.  In 1730, King Doti Kalyan Chandra grabbed the property of Puranmall Gaida Bisht. Vairishal Gaida was born after the death of his father Puranmall Gaida Bisht.  Shiv Datt Joshi returned the property of Puranmall to his son Vairishal Bisht.
  Shiv Datt Joshi the Mentor of immature King Deep Chand appointed his son Jaikrishna as Prime Minister (Nayab) of Almora region. Shiv Datt settled to Tarai-Bhabhar to look after fertile region.
           There are thirty copper inscriptions of King Dip Chand. First seventeen inscriptions are of his first ten years of rule. Out of these thirty six inscriptions, twenty five inscriptions are land donations for temples and eleven are for donations to Brahmins.
      Deep Chandra donated lands or gifts to following temples
Seven times donations to Jageshwar temple
Badrinath temple (two time donations)
Kedarnath temple (two time donations)
Vridhjageshwar temple (two time donations)
Kalika temple of Gangoli (two time donations)
Nageshwar temple (single time donation)
Nagnath temple (single time donation)
Kalika –Shitala of Dwara temple (single time donation)
Udayeshwar of Salam temple (single time donation)
Gannath temple (single time donation)
Narayan temple (single time donation)
Punyagiri temple (single time donation)
Pipnath temple (single time donation)
Bhimeshwar temple (single time donation)
Bhalneshwar temple (single time donation)
Deep Chandra donated lands to following Brahmins
Vishan Datt Joshi (twice)
Ganga datt Joshi
Jairam Joshi
Rewadhar Joshi
Maniram Upreti
Kamlapati Upreti
Devi Datt Tiwari
Shishushankar Tiwari
Radhapati



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 7/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
William Crooke, 1897, The North Western Provinces of India, page 116
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -211  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
History of Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Pithoragarh Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Dwarhat ,Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Bageshwar, Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Champawat, Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Almora Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Nainital, Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam; History of Tarai-Bhabhar Kumaon King Deep Chand contemporary to Mogul Emperors Ahmad Shah, Alamgir and Shah Alam