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Friday, December 27, 2013

Parakram Shah as Mukhtyar or Representative of Pradyuman Chandra in Kumaon

  (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
                     (History of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 228

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti
                 When Jaya Kirti Shah had to flee from Devalgarh due to attack of Joshi brothers, Pradyuman Chandra (presently Kumaon King) came to Shrinagar.
  Pradyuman sent his younger brother Parakram to Almora. Parakram Shah was representing Pradyuman in Kumaon. In 1780, Parakram was called to Almora from Shrinagar.
 Garhwal administrators as Ajab Ram Negi advised him to become Garhwal king in place of Jaya Kirti Shah. Parakram was also ambitious to take Kumaon Kingdom. However, Joshi brothers did not encourage him. Joshi brothers did not like Parakram Shah. Parakram Shah started making friends the supporters of Mohan Chandra (who was in exile) in Almora.  Parakram was administrating Kumaon kingdom. However, Parakram was proved as weak administrator and he was also not liked by the people.
   Parakram never wanted the Kumaon Kingdom. He was more interested in getting crown of Garhwal. When Pradyuman Chandra returned to Almora from Shrinagar, Parakram Shah started his journey to Shrinagar. Before, reaching Shrinagar by Parakram Shah, Jaya Kirti Shah recaptured Shrinagar Garhwal. As per advice of Parakram Shah, Ajab Ram started making strategy to dislodge Jaya Kirti Shah.
             Jaya Kirti Shah sent Dhani Ram Dobhal for getting army from Sirmaur. Parakram went to Almora for taking advices from Pradyuman Shah.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 27/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -230  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
Notes on History of Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Pithoragarh Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Champawat Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Bageshwar Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Nainital Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Almora Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Kumaon, Himalaya, North India; History of Kumaon, Himalaya, South Asia;