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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Mohan Chandra becoming Active for Taking Kumaon back in Pradyuman Chandra Period

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
                     (History of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 225

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                     There was in-flight in Garhwal Kingdom for crown among supporters of present King Jaya Kirti Shah and his step brothers Pradyuman Shah and Parakram Shah. There was mismanaged administration in Kumaon Kingdom under the so called rule of King Pradyuman Chandra.
            When Lalit Shah Army defeated Mohan Chandra, Mohan Chandra and his brother Lal Singh fled from Kumaon. They gathered in Rampur. Mohan Chandra requested help from ruler of Rampur Nabab Faizullakhan.  Getting information, Harsh Dev Joshi sent message to Nabab Faizullakhan not to help Mohan Chandra. In past Harsh Dev Joshi was defender of Nabab Faizullakhan family in Nazibabad when Nabab Faizullakhan was gone to Panipat for war. Nabab Faizullakhan assured Harsh Dev Joshi that he would not send his army to attack on Kumaon and would not help Mohan Chandra. Nabab Faizullakhan requested Harsh Dev Joshi to arrange money for living for Mohan Chandra. Harsh Dev Joshi accepted to pay pension for Mohan Chandra. Mohan Chandra refused to take pension.
            Frustrated by refusal of Nabab Faizullakhan for helping him, Mohan Chandra visited religious place Allahabad (Prayag). There he got chance to meet Naga Mahant. On that period, Naga Mahant used to keep Naga army. Naga used to be naked and they used to rub ash on their body. Naga used to have, swords and shield, bow and arrows. Mohan Chandra requested a couple of Naga Mahants to help him on attacking on Kumaon. Mohan Chandra assured that Naga would get wealth by looting prosperous Almora. Four Naga Akhada Mahant agreed to help Mohan Chandra.
          Mohan Chandra was supplied fourteen hundred fully armed Naga sages.
           1400 Naga entered Kumaon as pilgrims for Badrinath.  Those Naga reached at confluence of Kosi-Suval seven miles far from Almora. Harsh Dev came to know the reality. He put his army at Charlekh village. Harsh Dev Joshi sent gifts for Naga sages. But they refused to take gifts. They fought with Kumaon army on behalf of Mohan Chandra. Kumaon army killed around 700 Naga Sadhu. Balance Naga and Mohan Chandra ran away from Kumaon.
 The villagers got arms and ammunition, jewels, gold coins from those dead Naga.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 23/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
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Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
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Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -226  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)