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Friday, December 13, 2013

Conspiracy and Terror from Fadtyal Group (Fadtyalgardi) in Kumaon King Deep Chand Period

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 212

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                    King Deep Chandra was weak King. Due to his crowning at early age, Deep Chand was puppet of Shiv Datt Joshi. Shiv Datt Joshi was capable administrator and was very cruel for enemies. Deep Chand was amicable and soft spoken person. The command of Kumaon Kingdom was on the hands of Shiv Datt Joshi and his sons Jay Krishna Joshi and Harsh Dev Joshi.
            There were two main groups in Almora- Fadtyal group and Maradal group. Shiv Datt Joshi belonged to Maradal group. Therefore, the main command of Kingdom was in the hands of Maradal. Shiv Datt Joshi appointed Mara Dal people on main administrative posts.  The power of Kumaon Kingdom was on the hands of Mara Dal for long time.
              Fadtyal Group members were keen to appoint Prime Minister (Diwan) from their group. Fadtyal group member decided to appoint Kumaon King from their members. From a copper inscription of 1755, it is found that to appoint Amar Singh Rautela , Fadtyal group brought  Rohilas to attack on Kumaon Kingdom . There was battle in Golauli. Shiv Datt Joshi came with army from Tarai-Bhabhar. The war ended in a day. Shiv Datt Joshi defeated Rohila army.
            There is less known about who provided Rohila army to Fadtyal group? The place Galoli is also uncertain today.
 Inscription states that   Shiv Datt Joshi suppressed the conspiracy of Fadtyal Group with solid hammer.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 10/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
William Crooke, 1897, The North Western Provinces of India, page 116
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -213  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)