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Friday, December 13, 2013

Battle between Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom in Tamadhaundh

History of  Battle between Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom in Tamadhaundh

                   (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 214

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                                  Tamadhaundh Battle

             There were many groups in Garhwal Kingdom. Narpati Guleriya was leader of one group and other groups were opposing Narpati. The opposite groups advised Shiv Datt Joshi the guardian of Kumaon King Deep Chand to attack on Garhwal army camping at west of Ram Ganga bank and they would advice Garhwal King Pradip Shah to return Shrinagar for security purpose. .  
             Kumaon army led by Shiv Datt Joshi attacked on Garhwal Army. Small army of Narpati Nagarkotiya defeated Kumaon army. However, the opposite group of Narpati Guleriya in Garhwal King Court advised Garhwal King to run away from battle for security reason. Garhwal king ran awy from battle region towards Shrinagar.
             The opposite groups of Narpati Guleriya did not supply necessary war ammunition. Therefore, Kumaon army killed Narpati Guleriya and his armed forces.   Now, Kumaoni army followed Garhwal King and his army. The advisors of Garhwal King did not care for security of the King but were busy in their life saving. Kumaon army surrounded Garhwal King. Two Hudkiya the son and father lost their lives in saving the Garhwal King. Garhwal King reached Shrinagar in very bad situation.
            Kumaon army looted the Garhwal King Army camp and killed Garhwal soldiers. Atkinson sates that the place of battle took place near Tamadhaundh hill (in Chaukaut Patti, on the road for going to Masi above Udaypur). Jaikrishna Joshi was killed. Hari ram Joshi ran to Kumaon.
         According to copper inscription given to Shiv Datt Joshi from deep Chandra, Kumaon army killed one and half thousands Garhwal king soldiers.
                Now, Pradip Shah was in defense. Garhwal king lost his army commander and also came to know the people who did conspiracy. Atkinson states that Kumaon army killed 400 Garhwali soldiers.
  There was treaty between Pradip Shah and Kumaon King Deep Chandra. There was exchange of turbans from both the end on 6th June, Saturday, 1755.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 12/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
William Crooke, 1897, The North Western Provinces of India, page 116
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -215  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)