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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Attack on Shrinagar Garhwal by Garhwal Army from Almora Kumaon

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
                     (History of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 227

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti
              
 To get rid of Ghamand Singh from Shrinagar Dhannu Gaddi who was looking after the interest of Pradyuamn Shah in Almora attacked on Shrinagar. Ghamand Singh ran away from Shrinagar. Now, Ajabram and his uncle Vijay Ram wanted to dislodge Jaya Kirti Shah and wanted to crown Parakram Shah. Ajab Ram wanted Salan Jagir.
       Ajbaram called army from Kumaon to attack on Shrinagar Garhwal.  Jaya Kirti Shah’s court poet Maularam sent message the Sirmaur King Jagat Prakash for helping Garhwal King. Before Jagat Prakash reached Shrinagar with his army, Pradyuman Chandra and his brother Parakram Shah surrounded capital Shrinagar with their army from Kumaon. When Jagat Prakash reached near Shrinagar, Vijaya Ram and Garhwali and Kumaon army of Almora resisted Jagat Prakash in Kaproli. There was war in Kaproli. Army of Jagat Prakash killed Vijay Ram. Ghamand Singh who was now with Vijay ram was also killed. Jagat Prakash defeated Pradyuman Chandra and Parakram Shah. Pradyuman and Parakram ran to Kumaon.
      Jagat Prakash advised to Jaya Kirti Shah to attack on Kumaon and tilt the kingdom forever. Jagat Prakash showed his apprehension that Pradyuman and Parakram would attack on Garhwal again from Almora. Jagat Prakash was ready to go along with Jaya Kirti Shah to Kumaon.
  Ajab Ram (who was inclined to get rid of Jaya Kirti Shah) had affiliation with Parakram. Ajab Ram and other ministers advised Jaya Kirti Shah not come on the trap of Jagat Prakash. Ajab ram advised that jagat Prakash would ask salary for his army and then would grab Garhwal Kingdom from Jaya Kirti Shah.
  Jaya Kirti accepted the advice of his ministers. Jay Kirti Shah paid gifts for rupees one lakh, gem garland and Jagir of Dehradun to  Jagat Prakash.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 25/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
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Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
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Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
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Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -228  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)