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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Himalayan History of Joshiyana (Distress by Joshi brothers and Company) in Shrinagar Garhwal

 (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                          
                     (History of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 228

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti
            Sirmaur King Jgatprakash returned to Sirmaur from Shrinagar after taking gifts. After Jgatprakash returning to his home, Garhwal King Jaya Kirti Shah planned to pay religious visit and perform rituals at his family Goddess temple in Devalgarh. The Garhwal to ministers supporting Pradyuman Chandra and other conspirators against Jaya Kirti Shah informed the news of Jaya Kirti visiting Devalgarh to Kumaon King Pradyuman Chandra. These ministers or conspirators informed Pradyuman that that was the best time to attack on Garhwal King. It was sure that Jaya Kirti would have least armed force with him at the time of ritual religious performance. Devalgarh is four miles away from Shrinagar.
      Kumaoni army led by Jaya Nand Joshi, and Harsh Dev Joshi attacked on Jaya Kirti Shah in temple. Jaya Kirti Shah was shocked by the sudden attack. He could not organize his army and Jaya Kirti Shah had to flee from temple.
The attack was held on Navmi of Dahshara and Jaya Kirti Shah ran away on Vijaya Dashmi.
         Kumaoni army looted Garhwal Kingdom wealth lying in Devalgarh temple.
         The Garhwal ministers reached to Pradyuman. Pradyuman marched towards Shrinagar with armed force. The subject of nearby villages did not welcome Pradyuman. The subject was frustrated due to inter group revelries among Garhwal administrators and the oppressive methods applied by Pradyuman and party.
      Pradyuman or Joshi brothers asked to blaze the houses of supporters of Jaya Kirti Shah. There was distressful blaze in Shrinagar. This cruel oppression and distress is named as “Joshiyana’ in Garhwal. Many folktales are still told and heard about Joshiyana in Garhwal.   
 The armed forces of Joshi brothers looted Shrinagar and nearby villages with force.
Pradyuman Shah was there for three months. Then Pradyuman Shah returned to Kumaon.
 It seems that Jaya Kirti Shah ruled for three months after Pradyuman Shah returning to Kumaon. The last inscription of Jaya Kirti Shah is of 1786.
 There are two views about death of Jaya Kirti Shah. One view is that Joshi killed Jaya Kirti Shah fell ill and died with natural death.
   The queen of Pradyuman Chandra delivered son Sudarshan Shah in 1784. Pradyuman Chandra could not stay more in Shrinagar as there was danger for his heir in Almora, Kumaon. In that period Jaya Nand Joshi also died. Harsh Dev Joshi had to consolidate his position.
 As soon as Pradyuman left Shrinagar, Jaya Kirti Shah recaptured Shri Nagar. Garhwal kingdom was having same problem of administrators. Most probably, Jay Kirti Shah died in first part of 1786.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 25/12/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Sarkar, fall of Mogul Empire
Sailendra Nath Sen, 2010, An Advanced History of Modern India
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -228  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)

 Notes on History of Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Pithoragarh Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Champawat Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Bageshwar Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Nainital Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Almora Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Himalaya; History of Kumaon, Himalaya, North India; History of Kumaon, Himalaya, South Asia;