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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, December 16, 2013

Rapture of Chivalry in Garhwali Folk Dramas

 गढवाली लोक नाटकों / लोक  गीतों में वीर  रस

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -59

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

       According to Bharat’s Natyashastra, the rapture of chivalry is produced by means of energy, perseverance, absence of surprise, presence of mind, and such similar conditions of the mind.
         There are tens of poetic chivalry folk dramas or ritual folk songs (Jagar) in Garhwali language and Kumaoni languages.

           तीलू रौतेली रण भूत जागर

The folk song /Folk drama  (Jagar) related to great woman warrior Teelu Rauteli of Garhwal if very famous. There is confusion among cultural historians about the period of Teelu Rauteli. A few cultural historians suggest her time around 1380AD. A few cultural historians advocate her time around eighteenth century. 

(लोक गाथा वीर-वीरंगनाएं  गाथा : भडौ कटकूभड़वळि  या पांवड़ाजागर )
         डा शिवानन्द नौटियाल के अनुसार , "   वीरांगना  तीलू रौतेली गढवाल कि झांसी कि राणी कहलायी जाती है . तीलू कि याद में रण भूत नचायाजाता है . जब तीलू रौतेली नचाई जाती है तो अन्य बीरों  के रण भूत /पश्वा जैसे शिब्बू पोखरियालघिमंडू हुडक्याबेलु -पत्तू सखियाँ , नेगी सरदारआदि के पश्वाओं को भी नचाया जाता है . सबके सब पश्वा मंडांण   में युद्धनृत्य के साथ नाचते हैं"
                   ओ कांडा का कौथिग उर्यो
                   ओ तिलु कौथिग बोला
                   धका धे धे   तिलु रौतेली  धका धै धै 
                  द्वी बीर मेरा रणशूर ह्वेन
                   भगतु पत्ता को बदला लेक कौतिक खेलला
                 धका धे धे तिलु रौतेली धका धै धै 
                 अहो रणशूर बाजा बजी गेन रौतेली धका धै धै 
                बोइयों का दूध तुम रणखेतु बतावा  धका धै धै 
                तीलु रौतेली ब्वादा रणसाज सजावा धका धै धै 
                इजा मैणा यूं बीरूं टीका लगावा साज सजावा ,धका धै धै 
                 मै तीलु  बोदू जौंका भाई होला जोंकी बैणि होली
                                                 ओ रणखेत जाला धका धै धै 
                 बल्लू प्रहरी टु मुलक जाइक धाई लगै दे धका धै धै 
                                           बीरों के भृकुटी तण गे धका धै धै 
                                           तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै 
                ओ अब बूड़ी सलाण नाचण लागे धका धै धै 
                 अब नई जवानी आइगे धका धै धै 
                 बेलू देबकी द्वी सखी संग चली गे धका धै धै
                 
ओ खैरा गढ़ मा जुद्ध लगी गे धका धै धै 
                  खड़कु रौत तखी मोरी गे  धका धै धै 
                                       तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै 
                   ओ काण्ड को कौतिक उर्यो गे धका धै धै 
                   तीलु रौतेली तुम पुराणा हथ्यार पुजावा धका धै धै 
                   अपणि ढाल कटार तलवार सजावा धका धै धै
                   
घिमंडू की हुडकी बाजण लगे धका धै धै 
                  ओ रणशूर साज सजीक ऐगे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै 
                   दीवा को अष्टांग करी याल धका धै धै 
                    रण जीति घर आइक गाडुल़ो छतर रे धका धै धै 
                    धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली  धका धै धै 
                   पौंची गे तीलु रौतेली टकोली भौन धका धै धै 
                    यख बिद्वा कैंत्युरो मारियाले धका धै धै 
                   तब तीलु पौंची गे सल्ड मादेव धका धै धै 
                     ओ सिंगनी शार्दूला  धका धै धै 
                   धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                   
येख वख मारी कैकी बौडी गे चौखाटिया देघाट धका धे धे
                     बिजय मीले पण तीलु घिरेगे धका धै धै 
                    बेल्लू देबकी रणखेतुं मा इखी काम ऐन
                   इथगा मा शिब्बू पोखरियाल मदद लेक आइगे धका धै धै 
                   अब शार्दूला लड़द पौंची कालिंकाखाळ
                सराइंखेत आइगे घमासान जुद्ध ह्व़े धका धै धै 
                शार्दूला की मार से कैंत्युरा रण छोडि भाजी गेन धका धै धै
                
रण भूत पितरां कल तर्पण दिंऊला  धका धै धै 
                यख शिब्बू पोखरियाल तर्पण देण लग्ये  धका धै धै 
                सराईखेत  नाम तभी से पड़े धका धै धै 
                यख  कौतिक तलवारियों को होलो  धका धै धै 
                ये तें खेलला मरदाना मस्ताना रणवांकुर जवान धका धै धै 
                सरदार चला तुम रणखेत चला तुम धका धै धै
                
धका धै धै  तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै 
                ओ रणसिंग्या रणभेरी नगाड़ा बजीगे  धका धै धै 
                ओ शिब्बू ब्वाडा तर्पण करण खैरागढ़ धका धै धै 
                अब शार्दूला पौंची गे खैरागढ़ धका धै धै 
                यख जीतू कैंत्युरा मारी राजुला जै रौतेली अगने बढी गे धका धै धै 
                 रण जीति सिंगनी दुबाटा मा नाण लगे धका धै धै 
                  राजुलात रणचंडी छयी अपणो काम करी नाम धरे गे धका धै धै 
                  कौतिका जाइक खेलणो छयो खेली याला
                   याद तौंकी जुग जुग रहली धका धै धै 
                   तू साक्षी रैली खाटली के देवी धका धै धै 
                   तू साक्षी रैली स्ल्ड का मादेव धका धै धै 
                   ओ तू साक्षी रैली पंच पाल देव
                    कालिका की देवी लंगडिया भैरों
                    ताडासर देव अमर तीलुसिंगनी शार्दूला  धका धै धै 
                    जब तक भूमि सूरज आसमान
                     तीलु रौतेली की तब तक याद रैली
                     धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै 

           Tilu Rauteli was daughter of Thokdar Bhup Singh Goral of Chaundkot. Tilu Rautela had two twin brothers Bhagtu and Patwa. Her father engaged Teelu Rauteli at early age. However, the enemies killed her would be husband before marriage.
        At that time, the Katyuri king Dham Shahi attacked on Khairagarh king Manshahi. Manshahi fought bravely but had to escape from the battle. Manshahi took assylam in Chaundkot Garhi.   Bhup singh and his two sons fought with the army of Dhamshahi. The attackers killed Bhup Singh and his sons in the battle.
  There was Kanda fair after winter. Teelu Rauteli showed to her mother for her interest for visiting fair. When tilu Rauteli was ready to start her mother remembered her husband and her two sons. She said to daughter Teelu,” had there been my sons alive they would have taken revenge with Dham Shahi. They would have offered blood for Tarpan of deceased sons and my husband”
  Teelu rauteli took the vow to take revenge of death of her brave father and two twin valiant brothers.
     Teelu Rauteli informed the area people that they would not celebrate fair but would destroy Katyuri. All fighters of the area became ready.
  Teelu put on the warrior dress with sword. She rode on her black horse. Her bold female friends Bellu and Rakki also went with her. The family Hudkya (A type of drum player) Ghemdu was with her with sword. She went to family and village temples for blessing.
  The Army of Teelu Rauteli started their campaign from Khairagarh. Teelu Rauteli and her army freed Khairagarh from Katyuri army.
       At later stage, she freed Bhaun (Idiyakot), Salt Mahadev, Bhilan, Bhaun, Jadalyun, Chaukhatiya, Saraikeht and Kalikakhal from enemies.
Tilu took rest for days at Bironkhal.
        Teelu Rauteli was on her camping in Kandagarh region. The army was taking rest. Teelu was taking bath into Nayar River. An enemy soldier Rajwar killed her by deceptive method. Teelu rautlei was twenty two years old when she became martyr. Teelu Rauteli fought with enemy army for seven years. 




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 16/12/2013

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter.

                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
 Xx
Chivalry Rapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Chivalry Rapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dhangu Garhwal; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia;Chivalry Rapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; ChivalryRapture  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;
गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वीर रस  टिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में वीर रस;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   वीर रसहरिद्वारगढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वीर रस;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवालीलोक नाटकों में  वीर रस;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वीररस;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वीर  रसरुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वीर  रस;