उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

History of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)

         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 198

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

Ruling Period of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chandra-1730-1747
Doti Kalyan Chandra ruled till 1747 and died in 1748
Inscriptions – 1731 (six ) ,32,33 (three),34 (Three),35,36,37,40,44,45,46 AD
Contemporary Kingdoms
Garhwal- Pradip Shah
Delhi Mogul King- Muhammad Shah -1719-1748

       It is believed that Doti Kalyan Chandra was successor of Narayan Chand who was exiled from Kumaon long back.
                 The Fadtwal and Mara group brought Kalyan Chand from Doti. They already made understand to Kalyan Chand that Gaida Bisht group is deceptive and harmful to all. People and administration were fed up from suppressive, oppressive methods of Gaida Bisht group led by Manik Bisht and his son Puranmall Bisht.  The oppression and suppression of Bisht is called Gaidagaridi in Kumaon history. Those  brought Kalyan Chand as Kumaon king from Doti they advised Kalyan Chandra to destroy Gaida group.
                    When at the time of crowning of Kalyan Chandra, Manik Bisht and his son Puranmall came to pay tribute to the new King; Kalyan Chandra ordered to capture Manik Bisht and Puranmall Bisht. Newly coroneted King Kalyan Chand ordered to kill both. The soldiers killed Bisht and their family members in the court.
 The wife of Puranmall was pregnant. She was handed over to an old Muslim. She delivered a son and named as Bairishal. At the age of 18, this boy was returned his property snatched by Shivdev Joshi. The orphan disowned king Balo Kalyan Chand was handed over to a Muslim Chobdar and was converted from a Hindu Rajput to Muslim.

                      Killing of Rautelas (relative of Chand king family members)
       Doti Kalyan Chandra was a poor farmer. He got the Kingdom by chance and he never dreamed to be King at all. Doti Kalyan Chand was always conscious that somebody would deceive him and would take the Kingdom from him. The cunning administrative officers took disadvantages of the fear of uneducated, rural oriented, inexperienced in ruling, inexperienced in internal politics of ruling, Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chandra.  The cunning officers used to tell him false story that somebody is against the king and Doti Kalyan Chand used to punish the so called culprit. The selfish officers told him that Rautelas the relatives of old Chand kings would take over the crown from him. Doti Kalyan Chandra ordered to smash all Rautelas from Kumaon.  The government agencies started killing Rautelas from Kumaon territory.
                     The government agents killed Rautela men –women from Danpur to Bhabhar. Those were not killed they were exiled from the Kingdom.
             The spies used to roam from village to village to find out Rautela.  The person who used to inform about Rautela, the King used to reward the informer. Many people were taking disadvantage of such tactics of the King and were informing the government agencies about their enemies as Rautela.

 Kumaoni People did not oppose the cruel genocide of Rautelas by King Doti Kalyan Chand
                     The Kumaoni people did not oppose the genocide acts against Rautela families by Doti Kalyan Chand. The reason was that when Chand Kings came to power they displaced old local village in charges and appointed cruel Rautela (family members of Chand dynasty). These regional administration heads Rautelas were very cruel and selfish. The old village council chiefs were Katyuri and they were not cruel as Rautelas were. When King Doti Kalyan Chand started destroying Rautelas the subject became glad.  
 Many Rautelas ran away from Kumaon and took shelters under Katehar or Bareli rulers. One of them was Himmat Gusain.


@@ Read more about Cruel King Doti Kalyan Chand in next chapter
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 26/11/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -199  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)

Notes on South Asian History of Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Pithoragarh-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Almora- Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Dwarhat-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Champawat-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Nainital-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Bageshwar-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Ranikhet-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Haldwani-Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings; South Asian History of Kumaon –a Uttarakhand region King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings;  South Asian History of a north Indian region Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand: One of the Cruelest Kumaon Kings;