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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas

गढवाली लोक नाटकों / लोक  गीतों में  व्याधि   भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -48

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

                    According to Bharat’s Natyashastra (7/82), the disorder sentiment in drama is demonstrated by distorting the face, body dullness, heavy breathing, crying, trembling etc
           There many Garhwali folk songs about rituals those are performed by communities discuss about disorder.
 The following Garhwali Mantra discuss about disorder –
  घुणद (दांत का दर्द )  मिटाने का मंत्र तन्त्र Mantra for reliving from Toothache

श्री गणेशाय नम : अथ घुणदा कीड़ा गाडण को मंत्र ॐ नमो गुरु जी को आदेस माता पिता गुरु देवता को आदेस. चल धरती को उपर आकास को आदेस चन्द्र सूर्य पौन प्राणी कु आदेस मादेव पारबती को आदेस . गुरु तो गोरखनाथ मछिन्द्र्नाथ को आदेस. झड़ कीड़ाझड़ कीड़ा दांत का द्न्तेला विष कीड़ा झड़ नी तो महादेव पारबती का सत की दुबै . फोर्मन्त्र इश्व्रोवाच २१ बगत उड़द चौंळ मंत्री क खन्क्वाळ मारणी धडेक मा थुकाइ देणी   ,शुभ मंत लाग जंत्र

Sankaracharj Vidhi Mantravali and Opposing Devilish Mantriks by Nathpanthi Mantriks

                        लोचडा लोचड़ी  को रोकने  हेतु सन्कराचार्ज विधि मंत्र 


 Sankaracharj vidhi is a Nathpanthi mantra .  Sankaracharj vidhi  is about telling that at the time of before Nathpanthi time there were Brajyani Tantrik who with their mantras create various types of diseases such as Lochada (an epidemic as cholera or Small pox . In Lochada,  bleeding happens and the whole area population is effected by disease that after Lochda no humanity is alive in the area) fever, leprosy , Charansi Cheda, and hundreds of diseases (Vithya)
     In Sankaracharj vidhi Mantra , there are mentions of methods of herbal medicines production and methodology to cure Lochada epidemic disease .The herbal plants are kali tulsi, kala vish, hartal, yekula veer root, rataguli etc with water of seven sources and many plants .
   the Mantra also tells the historical aspects of Mantrik who used to spread Lochada disease by their devilish Mantras as
         धोगी मसाण की राणी जिमला भई . जिमला राणी की पांच कन्याजन्मी . पैल की जेटी बैण खड्ग चंडाली भई. दोंसरी बैण अगणि भई . तीसरी बैण कालंका भई . चौथी बैण सीतला भई . पांचो बैण  पितला भई . छठी बैण राम चंडाली भई. खड्ग चंडाली को पुत्र लोचडा भयो. अग्नि की सस्त्र ज्वाला भई . कालंका को चौरासी चेड़ो भयो . सीतला को चौरासी रोग भयो . पितला को सात कोष्ठ भयो . राम चंडाली को सस्त्र विथा भयो
    In this mantra the creator provided the names of diseases and indicates the reason of diseases too (mother)


 गढवाली लोक नाटक में व्याधि भाव
   A Prose –poetic Garhwali Folk Drama showing Disorder Sentiment

 यह नाटक हम बच्चों /युवाओं ने जसपुरमल्ला ढांगू पौडी गढ़वाल के भटिंडा डांडा में  1968-69 खेला था।
रोगी (पीड़ा से बिलखते हुए ) - ए ब्वे मोरि ग्यों।  शूल पीड़ा हूणी च। ब्वे असह्य पीड़ा ! मोरि ग्यों
रोगीक ब्वे -फिकर नि कौर।  हम कुछ ना कुछ करला।
रोगी (रुंद ) -अबि कुछ कौर
ब्वे -त्यार  काका तैं पुछेरम भेज्युं च
काका - मि पुछेर बिटेन पुछि ऐ ग्यों।  बकीन बोल बल नागराजा द्वाष च।  नागराजा को घड्यळ धरण पोड़ल।
ब्वे- ठीक च आजि रात नागराजा को घड्यळ धौरि दींदा।  जा जागरी जी तैं सुचना दे दे।
रोगी  (किरांद -किरांद ) - अरे वैद जी तैं बी बुलावो
अंत में हमने नागराजा का जागर गाया था और नाचे थे।

   In the year 1968-69, we children played a folk drama in Bhatinda forest of village Jaspur, Malla Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal showing sentiment of disorder.
 First we showed patient
Patient (acting as if the person is facing severe stomach pain) – O mother! The stomach pain is unbearable, Oh mother! Now, ache is just to kill me. Oh God! Relive from this pain.   
Mother – Don’t worry we shall do something
Patient (crying) – Do just now,
Mother – I have sent your uncle to ask the future teller.
Uncle- Bau Ji- I just came from future teller. The future teller said that we have to perform Nagraja Ghadela
Mother – Well, call Jagri Ji and today in night, we shall perform Nagraja Ghadela
Patient (crying and changing sides) - Call doctor too.
At the end of this scene we performed Nagraja Ghadela folk ritual, sang the Nagraja Jagar and danced.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 26/11/2013

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter.

                 References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri

Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Disorder Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि भाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में व्याधि  भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि  भाव;देहरादूनगढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि  भाव;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि  भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में व्याधि  भावरुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  व्याधि  भाव;