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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 18, 2013

Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas,

Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays

                   गढवाली लोक नाटकों / लोक  गीतों में  अपस्मार      भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -42

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

             According to Bharat’s Natyashastra, the sentiment of epilepsy should be demonstrated by palpitation of heart, shiver, deep breathing, trembling, running, perspiration, stillness, foaming, licking and so on.
              Epilepsy sentiment is generated due to affect of Brahmrakshas, Bhut, Pishach (evil souls, dead souls, dissatisfied souls). The terror is also felt when a person knows about his bad luck or unfavorable star.
  The Garhwali religious folk songs related to Ancheri stories, Ranbhut are sung in Jagar –Ghadela when there are bad effects of evil souls on the family.
 When a person is affected by Bhut (Chhalyan) the person shows the signs of epilepsy too and Jarkhandi (ritual priest) sings Rakhwali Mantra.
         Many times we children or my teen aged fellows played folk dramas of evil affected person in grazing filed of village Jaspur, Malla Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, North India.   
  I remember one of the best dramas of ‘Bhut Lagyun Manikh’ played by Sohan Lal Kukreti as affected by Bhut (Chhalyun naunu). Sohan Lal (one of our fellow) played the role of affected by evil soul. He was trembling, some time, his body was stiff, some time, he was wavering, foaming and some time he was grumbling “I will not leave xx fellow, I will take his soul with me  ...  I am thirsty..I am waiting here for hundred years… “. The performance of teen aged Sohan Lal Kukreti was so realistic that we all felt that he was really affected by Bhut or evil soul.  
       Sundar Lal Arya another our fellow boy read the following Mantra as Mantrik
         रौष्वाळी/ रख्वाळी
 ओम नमो बभूत  माता बभूत  पिता बभूत  
बभूत तीन लोक तारणि
 ओम नमो बभूत  माता बभूत  पिता बभूत  
सब दोष की निवारणी  
इश्वरंन   औणी गौजलि छाणी 
अनंत सिद्धों ने मस्तक चढ़ावणी  
चढ़े बभूत नि पड़े हाउ 
रक्छा करे आतम विश्वासी गुरु गोर्क राउ 
जरे जरे धरेतरी फलेधरेतरी मात गायत्री चरे ,
सुषे सुषे अगनि मुख जले
सया बभूत नौनाथ प्रपूत चढ़े
सया बभूत हंसदा कमल को चढ़े
तिर्तिया बभूत तीन लोक कूं चढ़े 
चतुर्थी बभूत चार वेदूं कूं चढ़े 
चढ़े पंचमे बभूत पंचदेव कूं चढ़े 
हँसान दिखे तुमारु नाऊँ    
आप गुरु दाता तारोज्ञान खड्ग ल़े काल मारो
औंदी डैनकणी    द्यालों पातळ 
दूष नाचे , सुष बैठे बस कुंवार किकरे माया   
इस पिंड की अमर कया 
अमर पिरथवी बजूर की काया  
घर घर गोरख वै कर सिद्धि काया निर्मल निधि 
सोल कला  पिंड वाला घट पिंडक गोरक रखवाला 
अमर दूदी पीवे   घोर घटे पिंड रखले गोरखवीर
Meaning of This Rakhwali
Oum , I bow to vibhuti  (reverend Ash) mother vibhuti, father vibhuti, protector of all three universe.
Oum , I bow to vibhuti  (reverend Ash) mother vibhuti, father vibhuti, the eradicator of all illnesses and weaknesses
God created you, the accomplished sages put you on their forehead after sieving/purring the ash
Putting this auspicious ash, you don’t feel any kind of fear, the confidence Guru Gurakhnath protects them
By its uses, always, the green earth prosperous, caws graze the grass, the remains of fire is put on the forehead of accomplished saints.
The same auspicious ash is offered on the feet of saints, the auspicious ash is offered to three worlds, auspicious ash is offered to four Vedas, The auspicious ash is offered to five deities. This auspicious ash makes human being as good as immortal. This auspicious ash makes a man strong as Bajra. This auspicious ash kills and sent the dakini to Patal
This auspicious ash is full of sixteen arts and blessing of Grouchier (Guru Gorakhnath)

             When Sundar Lal Arya was reading Rakhwali, he was performing as Mantrik and Sohan Lal Kukreti was acting as affected person by Bhut.

                 References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
Xx
Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Epilepsy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  अपस्मार   भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  अपस्मार भाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में अपस्मार   भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   अपस्मारभाव;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   अपस्मार भाव;पौड़ीगढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में अपस्मार   भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल केगढवाली लोक नाटकों में    अपस्मार भावरुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   अपस्मार भाव;