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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama

Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays

                   गढवाली लोक नाटकों में    हर्ष     भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -35

                                        Bhishma Kukreti

              According to Bharat’s Natyashastra, Joy sentiment should be represented by a happy face and eyes, sweet words, embracing, horipilation, tears, perspiration and  like that.  
         There are many examples of showing Joy sentiment in Garhwali folk dramas. When there is religious ritual Ghadela or Pando Nritya and the Jagari sing Jagar of Krishna birth, there is description of joy in Jagar and the audience feels joy by listening Krishna birth event. Even Jagri also shows the joy sentiment on his face.
            Those who watched Badi –Badan dance –song would vouch this author about dramatic showing of joy by Badis after getting reward from audience. The Badis sing in praise-
समनैन ठकुर ! तुमरी देळि भरीं रैन
तुमर ड्यार रुप्यों छळाबळि हूंद रैन  

       The Badi and Badan show signs of joy sentiment on their faces by getting award and by hearing the praise from Badi and Badan song for   awarder, the audience also gets joy and start providing award to Badi-Badan.  
Joy Sentiment in Kumaoni Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays
 British rule had a policy that whenever their administrative officers used to visit villages for official works the villagers had to do free labor in transporting necessary items of officers. Besides free labor, the officers used to insult local people.  
  There was a mass movement against compulsory unpaid labor policy by British in Kumaon region led by Kumaon Kesari Badri Datt Pandey, Har Govind Pant, Victor Mohan and other freedom fighters. The movement was successful and British administration had to abolish Kuli-Begar policy.   The following folk song illustrates and remembers the Kuli Begar movement of Kumaon.



             कुल्ली बेगारा 


(
सन्दर्भ :डा त्रिलोचन पांडे :कुमाउनी  भाषा और  साहित्य )

(
इंटरनेट प्रस्तुती  व्याख्या - भीष्म कुकरेती )

 झकूरी यों ह्रदय का तारा , याद ऊँ  जब कुल्ली बेगारा   . खै गया ख्वै गया बड़ी बेर सिरा , निमस्यारी डाली गया चौरासी फेरा  सुण रे पधाना यो सब पुजी गो , धान ल्या चौथाई घ्यू को  ह्यूंन चौमास , जेठ असाढ़ा नंग भुखै बाट लागा अलमोड़ी हाट।
बोजिया बाटा लागा यो छिन कानै धारा , पाछी पड़ी रै यो कोड़ो की मार 
यो दीन दशा देखी दया को कुर्माचल केसरी बदरीदत्त नाम 
यो विक्टर मोहना ,  हरगोविन्द नामा , ये पूजा तीन वीर।
सन इक्कीस उतरैणी मेला यो , ये पूजा तीन वीरा गंगा ज्यू का तीरा 
सरजू बगड़ा बजायी लो डंका , अब नौ रौली यो कुल्ली बेगारा 
क्रुक सन सैप यो चाये रैगो , कुमैया वीर को जब विजय है गो 
सरयू गोमती जय बागनाथ , सांति लै सकीगे कुल्ली प्रथा 


Whenever we remember Kuli –Begar, we shiver by pain.
The unpaid labor without clothing had to go for compulsory labor as bonded labor; people had to take heavy weight on their solders.
 On top of it the officers used to beat by whip or whipping was common from officers.
The Kurmachal Kesary Badridatt Pandey felt the pain. Badridatt came ahead for movement
Victor Mohan and Hargovind also reached at Almora bazaar.
There was fair on Uttarayani (14th January) nineteen twenty one.
These three brave persons reached at poise river bank
The declared that people would refuse to take compulsory unpaid labor of British.
The British officer Crook could not anything or he declared freedom from compulsory unpaid labor policy.
By blessing of Sary-Gomati and Bagnath Kuli-Begar policy was stopped peacefully
             When there is community song-dance program and the above dance-song is performed, the audience shows sign of joy sentiment when the song is sung about abolishing Kuli Begar by British administration.



Copyright @ Bhishma Kukretibckukreti@gmail.com  7/11/2013


              Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals and Traditional Plays part to be continued… 

                    References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
Xx
Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Joy Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में हर्ष  भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   हर्ष भाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  हर्ष भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   हर्ष भाव;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   हर्ष भाव;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  हर्ष  भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  हर्ष  भाव;रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   हर्ष भाव;