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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 25, 2013

Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas

Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays

                   गढवाली लोक नाटकों / लोक  गीतों में  उग्रता      भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -47

                                    Bhishma Kukreti
                  According to Bharat’ Natyashastra (7/80), violence sentiment is shown in acting killing, arresting, beating and rebuking.
  Usually, violence sentiment is generated in drama when somebody deceives, does crime, tells lie that is harmful, and the person wishes to correct the person or wants to rebuke.                 
               There many religious ritual folk songs (Jagar) where in the sentiment of violence is shown effectively. The violence sentiment is found in Jagar of Ranraut, Kaintura, Hari Hindwan , Abhimanyu Baja, Bhim Baja etc .
  The drama ‘Kamalvyuha or Jayadrath Vadh’ based on folk drama created by Dr. D.R. Purohit; R. Bhatt team has violence sentiment in a couple of scene. One scene is best example of violence, when Arjun comes to know that Kaurava killed his son Abhimanyu and Jaydratha pushed dead body of Abhimanyu by foot, Arjun took a vow to kill Jayadratha before sun set.
In the following religious folk song (Jagar) there is sentiment of violence too –
  पंडो भीम रिन्गौण को लोकगीत : या भीम बाजा नाच -गान में उग्रता के भाव
बाला दैणी होई जैन तेरी
दैणी होई जैन त्यरी वा सौ मण कि गदा
परतिज्ञा को दानि बाला
सौ मन कि गदा वाला तेरी होली नौ मन कि ढाल
बाला जंगलूं जंगलूं बाला
भाबरु भाबरु तुमकू रै गेन भारत पियारा
डाल़ा को गोळ हिलैकी बाला
डाल़ा मा बैठयाँ कौरौ कि पटापट पतगे लगाई दिने
चांदी छैला चौक मा बाला
नौ खारी रीठों को मेरा जोधा पिसम्यल्लो बैण याल़े
सौ मन का गोला भीम रे जोधा
सर्ग चूलेने असी असमान अपतां फेंकने हाथी
पर मेरा बालाभीमसेण जोधा

 In this song the singer (Aujee) narrates the big strength of Bhima as he has a club of hundred tons, the shield weighing nine tons, as soon as Bhima comes in the battle Bhima kills Kauravas as radish, when by fear Kauravas climb on trees, Bhima shakes the trees and Kauravas fall down. Bhima throws elephants into the sky and nobody knows where elephants have gone. 

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 24/11/2013

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter.

                 References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
Xx
Notes on Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali  Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal; Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal; Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal; Violence Sentiment in (South Asian region) Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal(South Asian region); Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal(South Asian region); Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal(South Asian region); Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Garhwal, Himalaya(South Asian region); Violence Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Dramas, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Garhwal North India(South Asian region);
गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  उग्रता भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   उग्रताभाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में    उग्रता भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में    उग्रता भाव;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   उग्रता भाव;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में    भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   उग्रता भावरुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में    उग्रता भाव;