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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 4, 2013

Contentment Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   धृति  /Dhriti  भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -32

                                        Bhishma Kukreti

                    According to Bharat’s Natyashastra, contentment sentiment is demonstrated in drama by enjoying the attainments, forgetting past losses and not worrying about things gained or lost etc.
         Contentment sentiment is one of the major sentiments of Love Rapture (Shringar Rasa). Many poetic scholars added another ninth rapture (Rasa) called Shant Rasa. Shant rasa is nothing but contentment sentiment. This sentiment is related to eternal satisfaction.
 Various folk songs sung by Dalya community about Gopichand story are examples of continent sentiment.  Dalya sings the story of Gopichand, dances usually closed eyes and at the same time plays Ektara a sting musical instrument too.  The devotion of Dalya in singing, smooth dancing and playing Ektara  bring peace and satisfaction in the mind of listeners.  
 Garhwali folk literature scholar Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal states that following folk dance—drama-song is an example of Shant Rasa (peaceful) and that means the following folk song of folk drama (Hantya Jagar) is an example of continent sentiment.


गढ़वाली लोक नाट्य गीतों में धृति  भाव @
दुन्या न मरी जाण धरती अमर I
***** ***** *****
धरणी रीटे सांपिंण अगास रीटे शीणी I
मणछ भगार लगौंदोविपदा भगवान् दीणी II
मौत सबुकु औंद आग स्ब्बुकू जळऔंद I
तिन कायर नि होण सागर कु पाणि सागर मा समौंद

@Collected and edited by Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukretibckukreti@gmail.com  3/11/2013


              Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals and Traditional Plays part to be continued… 

                    References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
Xx
Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continen Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Continent Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति भाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति  भाव;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति  भाव;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति  भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  धृति  भाव;रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   धृति भाव;