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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Encroachment and Capturing of Kumaon Tarai by Muslim Rulers in Doti Kalyan Chand period

 (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
                                      
         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 201

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                             Encroachment in Tarai of Kumaon by Muslim Rulers

         Doti Kalyan Chandra was busy in killing or punishing his suspected enemies in hills.  The commanders of Avadh Nabab Mansurali Khan captured Sarbana and Bilhari Parganas of Kumaon Tarai. Avadh regional commanders were planning to capture balance portion of Kumaon Tarai.
        From Rohilkhand (Bareli region), Ali Muhmmad Khan Rohila was ready to capture Tarai Mal of Kumaon.
                       Doti Kalyan Chandra appointed a courageous, hard worker nationalist Shiv Datt Joshi as regional commander for Tarai. Shiv Datt Joshi took necessary steps and recaptured Sarbana and Bilhari regions from Avadh commanders.   Joshi built a fort in Tarai region for stopping encroachment. Shiv Datt Joshi appointed Hariram Joshi as his deputy for looking after Tarai region.

                              Murder of Himmat Gusain

                Himmat Gusain was from Chand king family. Doti King took out his eyes. Himmat Gusain came to Tarai Bhabhar.
          Himmat Gusain collected army in Kashipur region to oust Doti Kalyan Chandra. Doti Kalyan Chandra came to know the conspiracy by Himmat Gusain. Doti Kalyan Chandra came to Tarai with army. His army pushed the army of Himmat Gusain. Himmat Gusain had to flee and took shelter in Anvla under Ali Muhammad Khan Rohila.
  Around 1742, Hakim Ram Datt Adhikari informed the King that Himmat Gusain was taking shelter under Ali Muhammad Khan Rohila. Doti Kalyan Chandra was conscious that Himmat Gusain could attack on Kumaon with Rohila army.
  Doti Kalyan Chandra sent Hedi spy killers led by Duli Chand from Bhavar to camp of Ali Muhammad Khan Rohila. Duli Chand killed Himmat Gusain.   Ali Muhammad Khan had already gathered necessary information about all weak points and strong points of Kumaon kingdom from Himmat Gusain.
 Now Ali Muhammad Khan Rohila was ready to capture part or complete Kumaon kingdom
    



@@ Read more about History of Attack on Kumaon by Rohila Commander Ali Mohammad Khan in the period of Doti Kalyan Chand in next chapter
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 29/11/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
Jadunath Sarkar, History of Aurangzeb
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -202  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)