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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Suppressing Rebellions by Kumaon King Trimall Chandra a contemporary to Badshah Shahjahan

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)

         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 184

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                     Balyan , Chhakhata Revolt
           There was revolt from Sammal Caste group in village Balyan, Chhabees Dumaula Patti of Chhakhata region. In the leadership of Peera Sammal ‘Paik’ (brave man), Sammal Jamindar declared them free from Trimall Chandra rule. Peera Sammal started ruling from a big stone as court. The army of Trimall Chandra killed all rebellions and their families. Only one pregnant woman was spared.  Till the early twentieth century, there was no farming on that ground where Sammal people were killed by Trimall Chandra army. The big stone was there and is the witness of killing of Sammal people by army of Trimall Chandra.

          History aspects of Bajbahadur Chandra
            Trimall Chandra did not have any child. Supporters of Trimall Chandra were Mara groups. The immediate heir of Trimall Chandra was his brother Narayan Chandra. However, supporters of Narayan Chandra were Fadtyal group and Mara group never allowed that Narayan Chandra become King. Mara group was always in search of a Rautela heir for Trimall Chandra.  They informed Trimall Chandra that when Karki, Gusain and Bhatt of Sor ousted eyes of Neel Gusain his maid hid orphan son of Neel Gusain and handed over to a Tiwari widow in a village. The Tiwari widow nurtured the orphan. The name of that child was named as ‘Baja’.  
 There are other couples of folklore about Baja.  
In 1635, Trimall Chandra declared ‘Baja’ as his heir or prince. The age of ‘Baja’ would be 13-14 in 1635.
      Trimall Chandra used to offer various court-works to ‘Baja’. Now, ‘Baja’ was Baj Chandra or Baj Bahadur Chandra.
There is a four feet idol of Trimall Chandra in Jageshwar temple. There is Shloka carved on the back of idol and year is mention -1630.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 8/11/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -185  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
Notes on Asian Medieval  Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Pithoragarh, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Champawat, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Dwarhat, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Bageshwar, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Nainital ,Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Almora Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval Ranikhet, Kumaon History contemporary to Shahjahan; Asian Medieval history of Pithoragarh Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Dwarhat Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Champawat Kumaon; Medieval history of Bageshwar Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Nainital Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Almora Kumaon; Asian Medieval history of Kumaon Central Himalaya; Asian Medieval history of Kumaon North India; Asian Medieval history of Balyan, Chhabees Dumaula Patti of Chhakhata region , Kumaon, South Asia;