उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Help by Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)

         (History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 186

                                              ByBhishma Kukreti

                              Kumaon King Baj Bahadur Chandra in Mogul Court
               From the time of Lakshmi Chandra, Kumaon kingdom was facing internal problems in hills. While, with the help and encouragement from regional Mogul commanders of Moradabad, time to time, the Hindu Jagirdar of Katehar used to encroach into Tarai of Kumaon. The Hindu Jagirdar became unauthorized mini rulers of Kumaon Tarai (plains). When Baj Bhadur Chandra got some relived time to take the situation under control it was too late. As his ancestors took help from Mogul Badshah for suppressing Katehar Jagirdar or looters.  Baj Bahadur Chandra decided to take help of Badshah Shahjahan for stopping encroachment of Katehar Jagirdars.
  Atkinson stated that Baj Bahadur Chandra reached to Mogul court, Delhi in 1654-1655 AD. Baj Bahadur Chandra went with precious and local gifts for Shahjahan Badshah. Shahjahan accepted to see Baj Bahadur Chandra.  By this time, Shahjahan had already sent his army to attack on Garhwal kingdom.
However, it seems that Baj Bahadur Chandra reached Delhi either at the end of 1653 in Delhi or just earlier of 1653. In 1653, Shahjahan sent a letter to Mandhata Prakash the king of Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh that he (Shahjahan) sent army under Jammu-Kangda commander Irijkhan to win Shrinagar Garhwal kingdom. In the letter, Shahjahan ordered Sirmaur King Mandhata Prakash to help Irijkhan in winning Shrinagar Garhwal Kingdom.
Shahjahan wrote that after winning Shrinagar Garhwal, there will be following divisions of Shri Nagar Garhwal-
1-The eastern part of Garhwal adjacent to Kumaon would be given to Kumaon King
2-Western part of Garhwal adjacent to Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh) would be given to Sirmaur King.
3-Mogul kingdom would keep Doon valley (Dehradun) for itself
                        Divide and Rule Policies of Shahjahan

  The historians blame on British rulers that they were cunning that they used to follow the divide and rule policies.  Badshah Shahjahan did conspiracy by aligning two other Hindu hill Kings to attack on another Hindu hill kingdom.
 In 1656, Kumaon king Baj Bahadur Chandra again reached to Delhi Mogul court of Shahjahan.
An expenditure ledger copy of Bajbahadur Chandra is available. In this ledger there are details of expenses for Baj Bahadur visiting Shahjahan court
बाजबहादुर चन्द्र  का दिल्ली जाने का खर्च
शाके १५७८ बैशाख सुदी ३ गुरौ श्री राजा बाजबहादुरचंददेव की चलाई दिल्ली -दरबार भई। पेशकश को साज। 
श्रीपातशाहीज्यू साहीजादा को --------------------------तैका रुपैया
१००१) मोहर दरी १४।।अद पाई आनु -------------१४५३१)
३००० ) रुपया नजरी को ----------------------------३०००)
२ षांड़ा बड़ा औलिया म्यान सुनुका कटाऊ का १५२ म० ५ न० म्यान १८१९ )
५ कटारा औली मुट्ठा सुनुका येक षंड मुट्ठा ५ को श्री सुधा
का १२३ म०मुट्ठा  ५  
का २ म० कोथी २ -------------------------------१०५४)
४ कटारी सुनु का मुट्ठा का -----------------------१९। )
९ गूंठ साज का ४३७ म० १ र सिरछालगजगाह गूंठ ५२४५ )
का १५९ म० १० गूंठ २ साज सिरछाल २ गजगाह २ साल २
का २७७३ र० गूंठ ७ सात माला गूंठ को अल्मोड़ा
बाली चौकी ५ का ३५ म० ७
का ७९३ म० ११२।।
७ षांडा और नाना का ४१म० ६ र: वीनातइनाल --------४६८ )
२ हातीन को साज मोल लीनु ---------------------------५०००)
१ हाती मोल लीनु ----------------------------------------८००० )
२ टूल हाती की मोल ली दीनी --------------------------२५४।।)
९ कटारा ---------------------------------------------------११९ )
२ कटारा दरी १० )-----------------------------------------२० )
२ कटारा दरी १२ )----------------------------------------२४)
१ हाती घर को दीनु ------------------------------------१००००)
९ गूंठ
२२५ )चंचल १  -----------------------१५० संग्राम गुसाईंवालो। }
१०० )नाबाबवालो १ ------------------१५० )मलयागर नेगीवालो १ }
१७५ )सौकावालो १ ------------------१४० )नंदन कुंवरवालो १ }        १३८० )
१०० ) भग्यूत भंडारीवालो १ -----१४० )कंठ पुलानोवालो १ }
२०० ) रामकृष्णवालो १
ग० ५३ मखमल --------------------------------------१२४ )
२ फुंदना ----------------------------------------------३९।।।)
चारजामा गदी बागडोर -------------------------------४४ )
९ चंवर बड़ी गुंठन मै दरी गजगाह -----------------९० )
२ षांड़ा -बड़ा आंवली --------------------------------२०००)
७ षांड़ा नाना दरी ३०) -------------------------------२१० )
 कस्तूरा की मौर षडी रुपा की ----------------------३ )
का० ३ म० ५ न ० ----------------------------------१३८९०।।।)
                जोड़ ऊपर को -----------------------४०४२७ )
बेगम कौ --------------------------------------------१४७३ )
१०१ ) मोहर -----------------------------------------५०० )
रुपैया --------------------------------------------------१९७३ )
साहीजादा दाराशाह कौ पेशकश बैशाख सुदी ६ रवौ
१०१ ) मोहर ------------------------------------------१४५३ )
रुपैया नजर कौ --------------------------------------१००० )
१ गूंठ सुनुका साज को सीरछाल गजगाह --------९४३ )
मालदारी १२९ का० ७८ म ० ५
४ गूंठ और सुनुका सात का ---------------------१६७६ )
४ माला अल्मोड़ावाली ---------------------------२५७ )
का २१ म० ५
१ षांडो नाना वीना चाकी तइनाल का २३ म० ४ -- २८० )
८ षांडा  नाना वीना चाकी तइनाल -----------------५७० )
१ षांडो बड़ो अवलिया --------------------------------१०० )
५ गूंठ ---------------------------------------------------५६० )
१७५ महेशपंथ वालो १ -----------------------९० ) जरदा १
१२५ ) वीसी गुसाईं वालो १ ---------------८० )देउतवाली १
९० ) मुस्की केशव बिष्टवालो १

***
ष = ख
)= रुपया ।=पाँव भर या चौथाई या चार आना
संदर्भ - बद्री दत्त पांडे कुमाऊं का इतिहास पृष्ठ २९५ -२९६




Read more on attack on Garhwal by Shahjahan in History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 187

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 12/11/2013

                                      References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526 
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52 
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate
Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
Aine-e Akbari
Akbari Darbar
Tareekh Badauni
Eraly Abraham, 2004 The Mogul Throne
The Tazuk-i-Jahangiri
Maularam- Gadh Rajvansh Kavya
Ramayan Pradeep
Annatdev’s Smriti-Kaustubh
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -187  
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
 Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
  (Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)

Notes on Asian History aspects of Help by Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Pithoragarh Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Champawat, Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Dwarhat, Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Bageshwar Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Almora ,Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Ranikhet Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Nainital Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Kumaon (Himalayan ) King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal; Asian History aspects of Help by Kumaon (North Indian)  King Baj Bahadur to Shahjahan for Attack on Garhwal;