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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, August 16, 2015

Sudarshan Shah provoking Garhwalis against Gurkha

  Khalanga Campaign -1
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -51
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -170   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -693
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

          After returning from Farukhabad Sudarshan Shah started contacting influential Garhwalis of Garhwal.  Kankhal, Jwalapur , Haridwar were under East India Company. Rishikesh was asmall village. Garhwal King and Gurkha administrators donated the land to Bharat Mandir. People from Dehradun and Dahngu , Udaypur, Langur, Ajmir used to come to Rishikesh for selling their commodities and purchasing other materials. When Gurkha administrators came to know that East India Company personnel were contacting Garhwalis for betraying Gurkha (Jain-bejai, Khechal) Gurkha stopped Garhwalis visiting Rishikesh and other bordering markets for trade.   However, it was not possible to watch on each jungle and paths going to Rishikesh and other wholesale market.
     Though, there was no letter available but it was sure that Sudarshan Shah contacted influential Garhwalis and provoked them against Gurkha.
  Mahipat Shah offered Dhangu, in Jagir to Butola as he helped Mahipat Shah against Bhanushahi. When Gorkha came to Garhwal as ruler , Dan Singh Butola revolted against Gurkha of Dhangu escaped to Lal Dhang. Gurkha took over Dhangu Kagir from Butola family. Khara (the land of Hearsay given to Sudarshan Shah) was near Laldhang. Perhaps Dan Singh Butola met Sudarshan Shah .
      In those days, two educated Garhwalis helped East India company. One was in service of Houseson. Houseson described him the local of Shrinagar but did not write his name. He helped Haouseson in getting information of Garhwal (Pillimor). Second person was Tularam; Frazer corresponded with Tularam for information about people of Jaunsar Frazer, Himala Mountains).
     Saknayni brothers helped Gurkha at the time of Gurkha entering Dehradun (1803-04). Saknyani brothers Shiv Ram and Kashiram were active in helping East India Company. They provoked the villagers against Gurkha (Frazer).
        

  Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com16/8/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -694
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
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Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
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Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
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XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,