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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, August 30, 2015

Gurkha Army in Khalanga Garhi (Nalapani Garhi)

Khalanga Campaign -9
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -59
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -178   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -701
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
           According to Captain Eden Vansittart (Notes on Gurkhas), there were   600 soldiers in Khalanga Garhi (Nalapani Garhi). While other scholars stated that there were 600 children, women, men and soldiers in Garhi and Parkhal of Nalapani. According to Premble, the numbers of soldiers would not be more than 300 in the Garhi.
         According to Williams and Walton, there were 300 -4000 Gurkha soldiers and Garhwali soldiers in Garhi. Minya Prem Singh and Archives of Tehri Riyasat also support that Garhwali soldiers were also there in sizable numbers. Atkinson informed that Gurkhas appointed Kumauni and Garhwali soldiers in the Army.
          Balbhadra was the commander of Gurkha soldiers of Khalanga Garhi. Balbhadra was son of daughter of  Amar Singh Thapa. Soldiers respected Balbhadra. After Nepalese war, Balbhadra  joined Ranjit Singh Army and he was having army of 800 Gurkha  , Kumauni and Garhwali soldiers.
  In history of Political and Military Transactions, Pricep writes that Amar Singh wrote letter from Malau after the Khalanga war that Out Khuka had so much power that less than Gurkha 500 soldiers destroyed 3 or 4 thousand British Army soldiers. Amar Singh wrote that there were less Old region Gurkha soldiers in Gurkha –Burkha Companies. Na dthere were Garhwali soldiers.
It means that Balbhadra had around 500 soldiers and had courage to fight with mighty British Army.  



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com29/8/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -702
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,