उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, August 30, 2015

Midnight Challenge

Khalanga Campaign -10
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -60
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -179   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -702
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

               British Army camped at Khurbura Ground on 21st October 1814 at around four o clock.  After Army camping, Colonel Maubi went towards Khalanga Garhi on horse for inspecting the situation. His path finder and path guides reached near Khalanga after walking five miles from Khurbura. It was evening and they could not watch Garhi clearly. They came to know that still the fort building work was on in Garhi. Colonel Maubi was sure that it was easy to capture the Khalanga Fort.
            After reaching back to the Camp, colonel Maubi wrote a letter for Balbhadra and sent the letter with his official messenger. Jeewan Singh was the path guide for messengers. Colonel requested to surrender without any bloodshed.
            The messengers reached Khalanga Garhi at mid night. As per folk story (John Premble), Balbhadra did not read the letter and tore the letter before messengers and told that there was no custom of opening the letter and replying letter at mid night. Balbhadra sent message for Colonel Maubi that he (Balbhadra) would meet Colonel at Maubi’s camp.
                   Re Inspection of Khalanga Garhi
                     Next morning, colonel Maubi and his associates again visited Khalanga hills. Maubi was afraid in forest road that hiding in shrubs Gurkha soldiers would attack them. Colonel inspected the Garhi with finer details. He made decision to attack Garhi with full force.
             On the same night (22nd October 1814), the battalion of colonel carpenter also reached to Khurbura. Now, Maubi had 13000 artery soldiers and 300 cavalry.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com30/8/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -703
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
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A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,