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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

British Capturing Dehradun

Khalanga Campaign -5
     Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -55
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -174   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -697
                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                   Major Gillespie was unsatisfied with the number of soldiers he was provided for Dehradun campaign. Hastings sent more troops for Gillespie. However, the troops could not reach in time. Before, extra troops reached to Meerut, the Meerut battalion had to march for Dehradun.
 Major Gillespie ordered his assistant Colonel Maubi for marching to Mohan Ghat on 20th October 1814 for capturing Dehradun. Colonel had one thousand soldiers, two companies of cavalry. There was army of Rav Jeewan Singh the son Khedi ruler Rav Bahadur Singh. With the help of Rav Bahadur Singh, the Gujjars , Rangharh, Rajputs of Saharanpur, Haridwar used to loot Dehradun region. Garhwal King Lalit Shah offered two villages to Rav Bahadur Singh for stopping the looting in Dehradun.  Gurkha captured those two villages and Rav Jeewan  Singh was anxious for getting back those two villages of Doon valley. That was reason that Jeewan Singh was helping British.
The troop of colonel Maubi reached from Saharanpur to Kheri Ghate on the evening of 20th October 1814. Colonel camped outside of human less Kheri town, On21st October 1814; the troop marched to Mohan Ghate. The road was having spiky shrubs. There were two tight valleys and British Army had apprehension that Gurkha army would block the roads in small valleys. Colonel Maubi went ahead inside valleys dividing his army into two sub battalions. Gurkha ran away from their Military stations and rode on a hill ahead of Mohan Ghate. Captain Frost captured the hill where Gurkha soldiers took shelter. Captain Frost informed colonel Maubi about capturing Mohan Ghat sidle. Maubi received the information in mid night.
  The troop led by Maubi started the march one hour before sun rise. The road for reaching Mohan Ghat was only three and half miles but there were spiky shrubs, on rivulets there were stones and other hurdles. At 11 Am, Maubi troop reached at Mohan Ghat sidle. After two hours, British army reached to Khurbura, Dehradun. Army camped in Khurbura ground. The ground was nothing but a forest or semi forests having Sal trees and shrubs and wild animals. British army did not get any Gurkha soldiers on the road from Mohan Ghat to Khurbura, Dehradun (John Premble, Walton, Williams).


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/8/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -698
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
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Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,