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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Ownership of Chandi Pargana with Hearsay

Whereabouts of King Designated Sudarshan Shah during Gurkha/Gorkha Rule -12

             Anglo Nepalese War with   Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -47
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -166   
             History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -689

                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

          Initially, from past, Garhwal kings were having rule over Chandi Pargana region. When in 1958, Garhwal King Prithwipati Shah refused for handing over Suleman Shikoh to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, Aurangzeb Army captured Chandi Region. On 22nd December 1660, Garhwal  Prince Medani Shah handed over Suleman Shikoh to Aurangzeb Army. However, Mughal had right on Chandi Region till 1664. In 1664, Aurangzeb ordered for handing over Chandi Region to Garhwal King Prithwipati Shah.
         Later on Nazibbudaula captured Chandi Region and Doon. Pradip Shha captured Doon but could not capture Chandi region. Chandi was near the Rohila capital Nazibabad. Therefore, Rohila captured Chandi region. Awadh Nabab captured Chandi Region from Rohila. Later on the right of Chandi region was transferred to east India Company.
  On those days, Kangdi, Shyampur, villages near Laldhang were under Chandi Pargana which was east of Ganga River.
   Apart from Land tax there was other income from dense forest region of Chandi Pargana-

Water tax- for fishing and edible water born plants
Grazing Tax- The nearby famers used to bring their domestic animals for grazing and used to pay tax.
Forest produces –catechu, Sal,  woods, bamboo, lime, resin, honey, medicinal plants etc
In 1803, after Company getting right on Chandi region, Lieutenant Governor General Henry Welsali ordered to make the land for agriculture.
 Since, Company had already handed over ownership of Chandi region to Hearsay, Chandi region was ignored by the Company officials in changing the land for fertile agro land.
                 Hearsay Selling Chandi region to East India Company

 On 11 January, Hearsay sold the right of Chandi Pargana to the Company that the company would pay annually Rs 1200 to his next generations.
            Agro Products from Khara and sale of Chandi
 From 1812 till 1814, Sudarshan Shah could solve the problems of food for his family from the agriculture from Khara region.
In that time Sudarshan Shah met many British officials.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 11/8/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -690
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
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Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
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John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,