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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 3, 2014

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdoms in Himachal

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period -3
Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -32 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -221     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -469 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
               The relationship of Garhwal Kings had been cold and hot with Himachal Kingdoms adjacent to Uttarkashi and Dehradun regions.
          According to folklores, Garhwal army destroyed the forts of Kamru (Rampur) and Chini of Himachal in fifteenth century. The Kamru Thakur (chieftain) Kehr Singh established Rampur.
       There was cordial relationship of Garhwal Kings with Bushahr King from Ajaypal till Balbhadra Shah. The Garhwal Kings and many Himachal Kings had marriage relationship too.
           According to Bahuguna Vanshavali, Garhwal King Manshah won Utkal (Jubbal) and Kameth (Kanthyl) of Himachal. The folklore and historical witnesses support the Bahuguna Vanshavali.  Garhwal King Manshah won the territories of Thong/Thyong, Madhan and Ghund of Himachal. These territories were ruled by  Thakurs.
 Dr. Dabral suggested that Manshah also  have won Ravai Pargana of Himachaal region.
    Madho Singh Bhandari the Garhwal Chief of Army of Mahpati Shah reached to Shringkatha of Vaspa valley. Perhaps his army reached to Vaspa via Chitkal, Sanga, Kalpa, Chini and Pangi. Madho Singh died there in Vaspa. With difficulty, Garhwal army returned to Garhwal.
   Prithvipati Shah also tried to extend his rule till Sutlej but was not successful due to strong resistance from togetherness of Himachal Kings. Garhwal rule was till Hatokoti of Himachal. As per order of Auranzeb, Madani Shah won Butolgarh of Kyunthalgarh of Aurangzeb.
 There was border dispute with Sirmaur king of Fateshah. However, after oppressive methods of Guru Govind Singh  , Garhwal King Fate Shah helped Sirmaur King.  From that time Garhwal Kings started appointing Himachal soldiers.
 By appointing Himachal soldiers, Garhwal Kings and Kumaon Kings started ignoring Rajput and Khas soldiers.  A couple of regional commanders of west Garhwal declared them free from Garhwal Kingdom and took help of Himachal Kingdoms.
     Just before Gorkha attack, Himmat Singh the King of Bushehr captured Ravaigarh from Garhwal.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com31/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -470
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX
Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdoms in Himachal; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdoms in Kamru , Himachal in relation Uttarkashi Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Bushahr Kingdom in Bushehar , Himachal in relation Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Thyog Kingdom in Himachal in relation  Dehradun Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdom in Madhan, Himachal in relation  Haridwar Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdom in Ghund Himachal in relation  Bijnor, old Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Vaspa Kingdom in Himachal in relation  Pauri Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Butaulgarh Fort, Himachal  in relation  Pauri Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kingdom in Himachal in relation  Chamoli Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings for Relationship with Kangda Kingdom in Himachal in relation  Rudraprayag Garhwal History;