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Wednesday, November 26, 2014

History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -56 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -245     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -493 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            There was tradition of having producing both types of Beverages in Garhwal –Non Alcoholic Beverages and Alcoholic Beverages.
       Non Alcoholic Beverage Plants in Old Garhwal
Vernacular Name ----------Botanical Name --------Plant Part Used in beverage Production
Papri ------------------------Buxux willichiana -------------Leaves and Barks
Chakunda -----------------Cassia occidentalis --------------Seeds
Amlich -----------------------Hippophae rhamnoids ---------Fruits
Darim ------------------------Punica granatum ------------------Fruits
Burans -----------------------Rhododendron arboretum -------Flower petals
Botyaccha -----------------Rhododendron anthopogon -------Leaves
Thuner ----------------------Taxus baccata ---------------------Bark and Leaves
Somaya -------------------Ciola species -------------------------Leaves
Bel ---------------------------Aegle marmelos-------------------Fruits (specially medicinal beverage)

                           Alcoholic Beverage Plants of  Old Garhwal

Bhotti /Bhartoi --------------------Andrachne cordifolia --------------
Tirmiri -----------------------Bupleurum falcatum
Dhatura ------------------------Datura stramoinium
Morchiyapar -------------------Hemidusmus indicus
Hinsar/Hisar -----------------------Rubas ellipticus
Kala Hinsar----------------------Rubas niveus
Karthatu ------------------------------Taraxacum officinale
  Plants used in making Alcoholic beverages from Barley/rice or Millets floor

Litchkuri ---------------------------Achyranthes aspera------------------Roots
Baisheyi------------------------------Adhatoda zeylinica -----------------Roots
Fatkaniya------------------------------Alysicarpus vaginalis --------------Leaves
Chamara--------------------------------Artemisia roxburghiana------------Roots
Kingwad, ----------------------------Barberis lyceum -----------------------Root
Pattharchhata---------------------------Boerhavia diffusa ----------------Whole Plants
Batti --------------------------------------Cajanus scarabeoides -----------Whole Plants
Dahiya ---------------------------------------Callicarpa macrophylla ------------Whole Plant
Bhang --/hemp ---------------------------------Canabis sativa -------------------Leaves
Karonda ----------------------------------------Carissa apaca ----------------------------Root
Panwar ---------------------------------------Casia tora ---------------------Whole Plant
Guradra -----------------------------------------Cinnamomum tamla --------------Leaves
Parh --------------------------------------------Cissampelos pariera------------------Roots
Jaljamini ---------------------------------------Cocculus hirsutus ------------------Whole Plant
Jamun ---------------------------------------Syzygium cumini -------------- Fruits
 Figs varieties --------------------------------------------------------------------Fruits
Bhirmoli ----------------------------------------Celebrookia oppositifolia-------------Roots
Timur --------------------------------------------Zynthoxylum armatum-----------------Root
Dhai ----------------------------------------------Woodfordia fruiticosa ----------------Leaves
Parhu--------------------------------------Cymbopogon martim ---------------------------Roots
Kathmul -----------------------------------Dicliptera roxburghania --------------------Whole Plant
Genthi -------------------------------------Dioscoria bulbifera ---------------------Bulb/Root
Surat------------------------------------------Euphorbia royleana
Laljhari -------------------------------------Geranium nepalnesis -----------------------Whole plant
Other plants were Bish Kopra, Dakh, Chir, Latkaniya, Chir etc



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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com25/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -494 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx         
 History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Haridwar Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Pauri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Tehri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History aspects of Beverages and Beverage Plants in Dehradun , Jaunsar Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period;