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Monday, November 17, 2014

History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan, Shilpkar in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period

 History Aspects of Lifestyle in Garhwal in pal /Shah Era -10

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -47 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -236     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -484 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

         The position of Harijan Shilpkar in Garhwal was totally different than the plains as Haridwar and Bijnor. The main reason of difference was geographical adversity of Garhwal. For example, it was necessary that human being is safe in cold season. Therefore, Shilpkar family had a room. Harijan could puff on Chilam of Bith (upper caste). Bith could take oil, milk, ghee, mutton, liquor, Gud, sugar , grains from Doom or Harijan. At the time of Lang ritual performance, Gram Pradhan used to take Badi (a dancing and drama making community) on his soldiers. Even in Marriage or Pandon Ritual, Bith used to take Dhol Badak on their soldiers happily. When there is auspicious ritual, Pithai was offered to Dhol at first instance.
 There was relation as uncle, aunt, grandfather, niece, nephew etc among all the communities of society in Garhwal.
          Bith used to offer food to Harijan in feast. When as Thakur (master) dies the Harijan used to go for funeral and shave his head. Bith also go for funeral of Harijan but did not shave the head.
      Harijan or craftsmen were essential part of every village. In a way Harijan were properties of the village. A village can’t settle call a craftsman especially Dhol Badak from other village in his village. If there is court case on a craftsman of a village against craftsman of other village, it was in real sense court case of a village on other village.  If the iron smith is penalized it wa s duty of villagers to pay that penalty.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com16/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -485 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx
Notes on History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Garhwali society of Bijnorl around in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Haridwar Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Pauri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Tehri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History Aspects of Social Position of Harijan Shilpkar in Dehradun Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period;