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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

History aspects of sub-caste in Scheduled Caste of Bijnor, Haridwar in Pal /Shah Period

History Aspects of Lifestyle in Garhwal in pal /Shah Era -5

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -42 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -231     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -479 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)


       Scheduled Caste  in Bijnor and Haridwar before British Raj

Ahir
Gaderiya
Pasi
Gauriya (Snake Charmer)
Ghasiya (Grass Cutters)
Ghosi
Charmakarr (Leather workers)
Safai Karmachari (sweepers)
Macchimar (Fishermen)
Dhol Badak (Dhol Players)
Lohar
Kasar or metal smith
Badhi
Kalal or Kalar –Wine distillers
Kaikari or basket makers
Kahar (Palanquin carriers) though they were low caste but could go inside the house)
Indoor servants - low caste but allowed inside the house of upper caste
Kanjar – gypsy from anywhere
Thugs (Thugs were also in Bhabhar region and in Haridwar too)
 Hindu Bakar Kasai – goat slaughters
Dhobi (Washer men)
Bhuiyar
Dome – Disposer of Dead bodies
Manjhi, Nishad  or Boatman




The above communities were Hindu scheduled caste communities in Bijnor and Haridwar in Mughal and Rohilla Period.
        The music instrument players, instrument makers were from both religions that is Hindi and Muslims. Mostly, music instrument players and music instrument makers from Hindu religion were scheduled caste.
 In dancing communities too, most of the people were from scheduled caste communities.
                                     Gosain in Haridwar
 Gosain were having following sub groups

Giri
Puri
Parbat
Sagar
Ban
Tirtha
Bharti
Sarswati
Arnay
Ashram
Dandis
Ravanvansis (however, no record)
Naga or Akhada Gusain or fighter Gusains




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com11/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -480 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal