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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Thursday, November 20, 2014

History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era

History Aspects of Lifestyle in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era -13

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -50 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -239     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -487 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

               Rajput Communities
  Rajput communities had two major groups –Original Local inhibitants –Khas and migrated from outside Garhwal. Garhwal Kings offered Jagir (land lordship) to Rajput migrated from outside Garhwal. Their positions were as were Negi, Bhandari, Bisht, , Raut in the court. Later on those positions became Sir Names or castes too.  Migrated Rajput caaled them upper than Khas Rajput. Bhatt caste of Brahmin also called Negi (servants). Migrated Brahmins and Rajput became owner of land and the local Rajput and Shilpkar became their Khaikar . Rajput did not marry their daughters with Khas boy but were eager to have beautiful Khas girls as their second wife (Rakhail or Up Patni).
 There were subgroups in each Rajput major groups. Upper class Rajput and lower caste Rajput was the system of the period.
            Brahmin Communities

  Brahmin communities also had two major groups –Khas Brahmin and Migrated Brahmins from outside Garhwal. Migrated ones were upper class Brahmins and Khas or locals were lower caste Brahmins.
 Upper Caste bRahmins had two major groups- saryul or official cooks and Gangadi.
  Initially, there were 12 Saryul Brahmin castes in Garhwal but later on King added 24 more totaling 36 Saryul, Purohit, Guru Brahmin castes.  Saryul did not take food cooked by Gangadi Brahmins but Gangadi and upper caste Rajput used to take food cooked by Saryul Brahmins.
                       Other Castes
  There were other castes as Sadhu, Mahatma, Jogi who used to marry and settled in Garhwal. Those people were /are called Bairagi, Gusain, Nath, Puri, giri, Jogi etc.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com19/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -488 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx
History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Pauri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Haridwar Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Dehradun Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Tehri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History Aspects of Brahmin and Rajput Communities in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era;