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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 3, 2014

Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mughal

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period -5
Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -34 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -223     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -471 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
         Most probably, Garhwal King Sahajpal had cordial relation with Mughal Empire. However, Sahajpal did not agree to be under Mughal rule.
         Husain Khan a regional commander of Akbar attacked on territories from Yamuna till Doti and looted the territory.
 Garhwal army resisted Husain Khan army in Doon valley. Garhwal army wounded Husain Khan and Husian Khan died after getting wound in Doon valley.
             Initially, Garhwal King Balbhadra opposed Akbar and supported opponents of Akbar. However, later on established cordial relation with Mughal Emperor Akbar.
  Garhwal King Shyam Shah visited Mughal Emperor in Agra but did not acceptance submission or rule of Mughal Emperor.
   Nazavat khan the commander of Shahjahan attacked on Garhwal and reached till Mohanchatti Banderbhel (where Taimur also reached) and was harassed by armed force of Nakkati queen. Nazabat Khan had to flee to save his life to Nazibabda region via Hinwal river valley. Prithvipati Shah accepted submission of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan but by offering shelter to Suleman Shikoh (son of Dara SHikoh)  he opposed Aurangzeb. Medani Shah the son of Prithvipati Shah opposed his father and helped Auranzeb to catch Suleman Shikoh. Though Medani Shah was under Auranzeb but virtually Garhwal was as good as Slovenian Kingdom. Fateshah the son of Medani Shah attacked part of Saharanpur and looted the Mughal territory. Fate Shah sent gift to Mughal emperor in later stage.
                Due to geographical circumstances, Mughal rulers could not win Garhwal and most of the time Garhwal Kings had cordial relation with Mughal Empire.
  Hardiwar was always under Mughal or Rohillas in Pughal Period. Same way, Bijnor  was snatched from Garhwal by Rohillas for ever.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com3/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -472  
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal