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Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Fishes of Garhwal in History Context

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -57 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -246     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -494 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

  Garhwal is lucky to have rivers and rivulets in abundant. However, Fisheries did not develop in Garhwal as was developed in other parts of India. People used to take fish with eager and happily but least bothered to develop it. Main reason was that poultry and fishery was thought to be of low caste deeds. Dhunar or Doom used to catch fishes rather than upper caste people.
The following soft water species of fishes were there in Garhwal specially in rivers as Hinwal, Khoh , Ganga, Bhagirathi, Hemganga, Song,Suswa,Alaknanda,Bhilangana, Nayar etc -
1-Barilius barna
2- Bariliusbendilisis
3- Barilius vagra
- Barilius haxstichus
-Bagarius bagarius
-Botia Dario
-Balitora brucei  
-Chagunius chagunio
-Chaagunius mrigala
-Chana punctatus
-Chana gachua
-Cirrhinus chagunio
Cirrhinus mrigala
-Clarias batracus
-Crossochielus latius latius
-Danio devario
-Esomus danricus
- Gara gotyla gotyla
-Glyptothorax pectinopterus
- Glyptothorax cavia
- Glyptothorax brevipinnis
-Labio rohita
- Labio calbasu
- Labio dero
- Labio dyocheilis
-Leptocecephalus guntea
-Mastacembelus armetus
--Mastacembelus puncalus
-Mystus vittatus
-Mystus bleekeri
-Mystus seenghala
-Mystus  tengara
-Nadus nandus
-Nemachelius botia
- Noemachelius rupicola
- Noemachelius savona
- Noemachelius bevani
-Puntius chola
-Puntius sarana
-Puntius sophor
-Puntius ticto
-Puntius phutunio
-Oxygester  bacilia
-Rasbora daniconius
-Salmo truta fario
-Shizothorax curvifrons
-Shizothorax sinuatus
-Shizothorax plagiostomus
-Shizothoraicthys niger
-Shizothoraicthys progestus
-Shizothoraicthys  richardsonii
-Tor putitora
-Tor tor
-Xenentodon cancila
 The above fishes were reported by zoologists as Mookarji (1944); Chako and Kuriyan (1948) ; Das and Moitra (1955, 56, 58); Dixit and Bisht (1972); George (1965) ; Hynes (1950); Jyoti and Malhotra; Khanna and Pant (1964); S.P Badola , H R Singh (1980); D.R Khanna, Bhutiani, Ruhela (2013) and others.
It is presumed that there would not be much differences between the fish species of 1800 and 1944 in Garhwal. 

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com26/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -495 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
 Fishes of Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Pauri Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Chamoli Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Rudraprayag  Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Tehri Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Uttarkashi Garhwal in History Context; Fishes of Dehradun Garhwal in History Context;