History Aspects of Lifestyle in Garhwal in pal /Shah Era -4
Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -41
History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -230
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -478
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
As in India, the Hindu society was divided in various groups and subgroups in Garhwal too.
The major groups were as under –
Bhairbaswa means who stays outside.
Bintagadhari means who did not put on Janeu (religious thred).
1-Ubdesi or Northen Inhabitants (Bhotiya)
2-Khasya or those were original inhabitants of Garhwal.
Tagawal means those put on Janeu and were
1-Brahmin (mainly who were migrated from elsewhere.)
2-Rajput (mainly who were migrated from elsewhere.)
Doom and not Dome
There was a caste in Hindu of Garhwal called Doom (achhut) . However, Historians as Atkinson and plains sociologists and politicians etc called this word as Dome (blood line of Satyvadi Harishchandra). The correct word is Doom. Today, the Doom word is perhaps unconstitutional or abusive word. In1827. Williams used Dhoom word for Doom. Now by calling Doom word anybody could be sentenced for using Jativachak shabd.
Now, Shilplkar and Harijan or Arya word are used for scheduled caste people. There was also caste division among Shilpkar group (untouchable group before independence) and Shilpkar were divided in four major groups and then subgroups. The upper group used to marry the daughter of lower group but did not marry their daughters with lower group Shilpkar.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, email@example.com/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -479
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued
Notes on South Asian Modern Period History of Garhwal; South Asian Modern Period History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian Modern Period History of Chamoli Garhwal; South Asian Modern Period History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; South Asian Modern History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; South Asian Modern Period History of Dehradun, Garhwal; Modern History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Manglaur, Haridwar; South Asian Modern Period History of Rurkee Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal